پێڕستی وەرگرانی خەڵاتی نۆبێل لە وێژە

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سۆلی پڕۆدهۆم

خەڵاتی نۆبڵ لە وێژە (بە سویدی: Nobelpriset i litteratur) ساڵانە لەلایەن ئەکادیمیای سویدییەوە دەدرێت بەو نووسەرانەی کە بەشداری یەکی بەرچاویان لە بواری وێژەدا کردووە . یەکێکە لەو پێنج خەڵاتەی نۆبڵە کە لە ساڵی ١٨٩٥ دا بە وەسێتی ئەلفرێد نۆبڵ دامەزراوە، یەکەم خەڵات لە ساڵی ١٩٠١ درا بە شاعیری فەڕەنسی سۆلی پڕۆدهۆم

وەرگرانی خەڵاتی نۆبێل لە وێژە[دەستکاری]

ساڵ وێنە ناو وڵات زمان ھۆکاری وەرگرتنی خەڵات شێوە
١٩٠١ Sully-Prudhomme.jpg سۆلی پڕۆدھۆم  فەڕەنسا فەڕەنسی "پێکھاتەیەکی تایبەتی شاعیری کە دەلێلێکی نموونەی بەرزی ھەیە "[١] شیعر، وتە
١٩٠٢ T-mommsen-2.jpg Theodor Mommsen  German Empire German "the greatest living master of the art of historical writing, with special reference to his monumental work A History of Rome"[٢] history, law
١٩٠٣ Portrett av Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson, 1909 - no-nb digifoto 20150129 00043 bldsa BB0791 - Restoration.jpg Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson  نەرویژ Norwegian "as a tribute to his noble, magnificent and versatile poetry, which has always been distinguished by both the freshness of its inspiration and the rare purity of its spirit"[٣] poetry, ڕۆمان، drama
١٩٠٤ Frederic Mistral portrait photo.jpg Frédéric Mistral داڕێژە:Country data French Third Republic Provençal "in recognition of the fresh originality and true inspiration of his poetic production, which faithfully reflects the natural scenery and native spirit of his people, and, in addition, his significant work as a Provençal philologist"[٤] poetry, philology
José Echegaray y Eizaguirre.jpg José Echegaray داڕێژە:Country data Restoration (Spain) Spanish "in recognition of the numerous and brilliant compositions which, in an individual and original manner, have revived the great traditions of the Spanish drama"[٤] drama
١٩٠٥ Henryk Sienkiewicz 02.jpg Henryk Sienkiewicz Poland
( ئیمپراتۆریەتیی ڕووسی)
Polish "because of his outstanding merits as an epic writer"[٥] ڕۆمان
١٩٠٦ Carducci.jpg Giosuè Carducci  Kingdom of Italy (1861–1946) Italian "not only in consideration of his deep learning and critical research, but above all as a tribute to the creative energy, freshness of style, and lyrical force which characterize his poetic masterpieces"[٦] poetry
١٩٠٧ Kiplingcropped.jpg Rudyard Kipling  شانشینی یەکگرتووری بەریتانیای مەزن و ئیرلەند English "in consideration of the power of observation, originality of imagination, virility of ideas and remarkable talent for narration that characterize the creations of this world-famous author"[٧] ڕۆمان، short story, poetry
١٩٠٨ Rudolf Christoph Eucken.jpg Rudolf Christoph Eucken  German Empire German "in recognition of his earnest search for truth, his penetrating power of thought, his wide range of vision, and the warmth and strength in presentation with which in his numerous works he has vindicated and developed an idealistic philosophy of life"[٨] philosophy
١٩٠٩ Selma Lagerlöf.jpg Selma Lagerlöf  سوێد Swedish "in appreciation of the lofty idealism, vivid imagination and spiritual perception that characterize her writings"[٩] ڕۆمان، short story
١٩١٠ Die Gartenlaube (1867) b 565.jpg Paul von Heyse  German Empire German "as a tribute to the consummate artistry, permeated with idealism, which he has demonstrated during his long productive career as a lyric poet, dramatist, novelist and writer of world-renowned short stories"[١٠] poetry, drama, ڕۆمان، short story
١٩١١ Maurice Maeterlinck.jpg Maurice Maeterlinck  بەلجیکا French "in appreciation of his many-sided literary activities, and especially of his dramatic works, which are distinguished by a wealth of imagination and by a poetic fancy, which reveals, sometimes in the guise of a fairy tale, a deep inspiration, while in a mysterious way they appeal to the readers' own feelings and stimulate their imaginations"[١١] drama, poetry, essay
١٩١٢ Gerhart Hauptmann nobel.jpg Gerhart Hauptmann  German Empire German "primarily in recognition of his fruitful, varied and outstanding production in the realm of dramatic art"[١٢] دراما، ڕۆمان
١٩١٣ Tagore3.jpg ڕابیندرانات تاگۆر  British Raj
( British Empire)
Bengali and English "because of his profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse, by which, with consummate skill, he has made his poetic thought, expressed in his own English words, a part of the literature of the West"[١٣] شێعر، ڕۆمان، دراما، کورتە چیرۆک، مۆسیقا، وتار، فەلسەفە، ڕەخنەی ئەدەبی، وەرگێڕان
١٩١٤ خەڵات نەکراوە
١٩١٥ Romain Rolland 1915.jpg Romain Rolland داڕێژە:Country data French Third Republic French "as a tribute to the lofty idealism of his literary production and to the sympathy and love of truth with which he has described different types of human beings"[١٤] ڕۆمان
١٩١٦ Verner von Heidenstam in 1915.jpg Verner von Heidenstam  سوێد Swedish "in recognition of his significance as the leading representative of a new era in our literature"[١٥] شێعر، ڕۆمان
١٩١٧ Karl Gjellerup.jpg Karl Adolph Gjellerup  دانمارک Danish "for his varied and rich poetry, which is inspired by lofty ideals"[١٦] شێعر
Henrik Pontoppidan 1917.jpg Henrik Pontoppidan  دانمارک Danish "for his authentic descriptions of present-day life in Denmark"[١٦] ڕۆمان
١٩١٨ Not awarded
١٩١٩ Carl Spitteler 1919.jpg Carl Spitteler  سویس German "in special appreciation of his epic, Olympian Spring"[١٧] شێعر
١٩٢٠ Knut Hamsun.jpeg کنوت ھەمسون  نەرویژ Norwegian "for his monumental work, Growth of the Soil"[١٨] ڕۆمان
١٩٢١ Anatole France 1921.jpg Anatole France داڕێژە:Country data French Third Republic French "in recognition of his brilliant literary achievements, characterized as they are by a nobility of style, a profound human sympathy, grace, and a true Gallic temperament"[١٩] ڕۆمان، شێعر
١٩٢٢ Jacinto Benavente y Martinez.jpg Jacinto Benavente داڕێژە:Country data Restoration (Spain) Spanish "for the happy manner in which he has continued the illustrious traditions of the Spanish drama"[٢٠] drama
١٩٢٣ William Butler Yeat by George Charles Beresford.jpg William Butler Yeats  Irish Free State English "for his always inspired poetry, which in a highly artistic form gives expression to the spirit of a whole nation"[٢١] شێعر
١٩٢٤ Władysław Reymont.jpg Władysław Reymont  پۆڵەندا Polish "for his great national epic, The Peasants"[٢٢] ڕۆمان
١٩٢٥

George bernard shaw.jpg

جۆرج بێرنارد شۆ  ئیرلەند[٢٣] English "for his work which is marked by both idealism and humanity, its stimulating satire often being infused with a singular poetic beauty"[٢٤] دراما، ڕەخنەی ئەدەبی
١٩٢٦ Grazia Deledda 1926.jpg Grazia Deledda  Kingdom of Italy (1861–1946) ئیتاڵی "for her idealistically inspired writings, which with plastic clarity picture the life on her native island and with depth and sympathy deal with human problems in general"[٢٥] شێعر، ڕۆمان
١٩٢٧ Bergson-Nobel-photo.jpg ھێنری بێرگسۆن داڕێژە:Country data French Third Republic French "in recognition of his rich and vitalizing ideas and the brilliant skill with which they have been presented"[٢٦] philosophy
١٩٢٨ Sigrid Undset crop.jpg Sigrid Undset  نەرویژ
(Born in Denmark)
Norwegian "principally for her powerful descriptions of Northern life during the Middle Ages"[٢٧] ڕۆمان
١٩٢٩ Thomas Mann 1937.jpg Thomas Mann  Weimar Republic German "principally for his great novel, Buddenbrooks, which has won steadily increased recognition as one of the classic works of contemporary literature"[٢٨] ڕۆمان، کورتە چیرۆک، وتار
١٩٣٠ Sinclair Lewis 1930.jpg Sinclair Lewis  ویلایەتە یەکگرتووەکان ئینگلیزی "for his vigorous and graphic art of description and his ability to create, with wit and humour, new types of characters"[٢٩] ڕۆمان، کورتە چیرۆک، دراما
١٩٣١ Erik Axel Karlfeldt.jpg Erik Axel Karlfeldt  سوێد Swedish "The poetry of Erik Axel Karlfeldt"[٣٠] شێعر
١٩٣٢ John galsworthy.jpg John Galsworthy  شانشینی یەکگرتوو ئینگلیزی "for his distinguished art of narration, which takes its highest form in The Forsyte Saga"[٣١] ڕۆمان
١٩٣٣ Ivan Bunin 1933.jpg Ivan Bunin بێ وڵات
(Born in Russian Empire)
Russian "for the strict artistry with which he has carried on the classical Russian traditions in prose writing"[٣٢] کورتە چیرۆک، شێعر، ڕۆمان
١٩٣٤ Luigi Pirandello 1932.jpg Luigi Pirandello  ئیتالیا Italian "for his bold and ingenious revival of dramatic and scenic art"[٣٣] دراما، ڕۆمان، کورتەچیرۆک
١٩٣٥ خەڵات نەکراوە
١٩٣٦ Eugene O'Neill 1936.jpg Eugene O'Neill  ویلایەتە یەکگرتووەکان English "for the power, honesty and deep-felt emotions of his dramatic works, which embody an original concept of tragedy"[٣٤] drama
١٩٣٧ Roger Martin du Gard 1937.jpg Roger Martin du Gard داڕێژە:Country data French Third Republic French "for the artistic power and truth with which he has depicted human conflict as well as some fundamental aspects of contemporary life in his novel cycle Les Thibault"[٣٥] ڕۆمان
١٩٣٨ Pearl Buck (Nobel).jpg Pearl S. Buck  ویلایەتە یەکگرتووەکان English "for her rich and truly epic descriptions of peasant life in China and for her biographical masterpieces"[٣٦] ڕۆمان، biography
١٩٣٩ FransEemilSillanpää.jpg Frans Eemil Sillanpää  فینلاند Finnish "for his deep understanding of his country's peasantry and the exquisite art with which he has portrayed their way of life and their relationship with Nature"[٣٧] ڕۆمان
١٩٤٠ خەڵات نەکراوە
١٩٤١ خەڵات نەکراوە
١٩٤٢ خەڵات نەکراوە
١٩٤٣ خەڵات نەکراوە
١٩٤٤ Johannes Vilhelm Jensen 1944.jpg Johannes Vilhelm Jensen  دانمارک Danish "for the rare strength and fertility of his poetic imagination with which is combined an intellectual curiosity of wide scope and a bold, freshly creative style"[٣٨] ڕۆمان، کورتەچیرۆک
١٩٤٥ Gabriela Mistral-01 cropped.jpg Gabriela Mistral  چیلی Spanish "for her lyric poetry, which inspired by powerful emotions, has made her name a symbol of the idealistic aspirations of the entire Latin American world"[٣٩] شێعر
١٩٤٦ Hermann Hesse 1946.jpg Hermann Hesse  ئەڵمانیا
 سویس
(Born in Germany)
German "for his inspired writings, which while growing in boldness and penetration, exemplify the classical humanitarian ideals and high qualities of style"[٤٠] ڕۆمان، شێعر
١٩٤٧ André Gide.jpg André Gide داڕێژە:Country data French Fourth Republic French "for his comprehensive and artistically significant writings, in which human problems and conditions have been presented with a fearless love of truth and keen psychological insight"[٤١] ڕۆمان، وتار
١٩٤٨ Thomas Stearns Eliot by Lady Ottoline Morrell (1934).jpg T. S. Eliot  شانشینی یەکگرتوو
(Born in the United States)
English "for his outstanding, pioneer contribution to present-day poetry"[٤٢] شێعر
١٩٤٩ Carl Van Vechten - William Faulkner.jpg William Faulkner  ویلایەتە یەکگرتووەکان English "for his powerful and artistically unique contribution to the modern American novel"[٤٣] ڕۆمان، کورتەچیرۆک
١٩٥٠ Bertrand Russell transparent bg.png Bertrand Russell  شانشینی یەکگرتوو English "in recognition of his varied and significant writings in which he champions humanitarian ideals and freedom of thought"[٤٤] فەلسەفە
١٩٥١ Lagerkvist.jpg Pär Lagerkvist  سوێد Swedish "for the artistic vigour and true independence of mind with which he endeavours in his poetry to find answers to the eternal questions confronting mankind"[٤٥] شێعر، ڕۆمان، کورتە چیرۆک، دراما
١٩٥٢ François Mauriac (1932).jpg François Mauriac داڕێژە:Country data French Fourth Republic French "for the deep spiritual insight and the artistic intensity with which he has in his novels penetrated the drama of human life"[٤٦] ڕۆمان، کورتەچیرۆک
١٩٥٣ Churchill portrait NYP 45063.jpg Winston Churchill  شانشینی یەکگرتوو English "for his mastery of historical and biographical description as well as for brilliant oratory in defending exalted human values"[٤٧] history, essay, memoirs
١٩٥٤ ErnestHemingway.jpg Ernest Hemingway  ویلایەتە یەکگرتووەکان English "for his mastery of the art of narrative, most recently demonstrated in The Old Man and the Sea, and for the influence that he has exerted on contemporary style"[٤٨] ڕۆمان، کورتە چیرۆک، سیناریۆ
١٩٥٥ Halldór Kiljan Laxness 1955.jpg Halldór Laxness  ئایسلەند Icelandic "for his vivid epic power, which has renewed the great narrative art of Iceland"[٤٩] ڕۆمان، کورتەچیرۆک، دراما، شیعر
١٩٥٦ JRJimenez.JPG Juan Ramón Jiménez  ئیسپانیا Spanish "for his lyrical poetry, which in Spanish language constitutes an example of high spirit and artistical purity"[٥٠] poetry
١٩٥٧ Albert Camus, gagnant de prix Nobel, portrait en buste, posé au bureau, faisant face à gauche, cigarette de tabagisme.jpg Albert Camus داڕێژە:Country data French Fourth Republic
(Born in French Algeria)
French "for his important literary production, which with clear-sighted earnestness illuminates the problems of the human conscience in our times"[٥١] ڕۆمان، کورتەچیرۆک، دراما، فەلسەفە، وتار
١٩٥٨ Boris Pasternak in youth.jpg Boris Pasternak  یەکێتیی سۆڤیەت Russian "for his important achievement both in contemporary lyrical poetry and in the field of the great Russian epic tradition"[٥٢] ڕۆمان، شێعر، وەرگێڕان
١٩٥٩ Salvatore Quasimodo 1959.jpg Salvatore Quasimodo  ئیتالیا Italian "for his lyrical poetry, which with classical fire expresses the tragic experience of life in our own times"[٥٣] poetry
١٩٦٠ Saint-John Perse 1960.jpg Saint-John Perse  فەڕەنسا
(Born in Guadeloupe)
French "for the soaring flight and the evocative imagery of his poetry, which in a visionary fashion reflects the conditions of our time"[٥٤] poetry
١٩٦١ S. Kragujevic, Ivo Andric, 1961.jpg Ivo Andrić  Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
(Born in Austria-Hungary)
Serbo-Croatian "for the epic force with which he has traced themes and depicted human destinies drawn from the history of his country"[٥٥] ڕۆمان، کورتەچیرۆک
١٩٦٢ JohnSteinbeck crop.JPG John Steinbeck  ویلایەتە یەکگرتووەکان English "for his realistic and imaginative writings, combining as they do sympathetic humour and keen social perception"[٥٦] novel, short story, screenplay
١٩٦٣ Giorgos Seferis 1963.jpg Giorgos Seferis  Kingdom of Greece
(Born in the Ottoman Empire)
Greek "for his eminent lyrical writing, inspired by a deep feeling for the Hellenic world of culture"[٥٧] poetry, essay, memoirs
١٩٦٤ Jean-Paul Sartre FP.JPG Jean-Paul Sartre  فەڕەنسا French "for his work, which rich in ideas and filled with the spirit of freedom and the quest for truth, has exerted a far-reaching influence on our age"[٥٨] novel, short story, philosophy, drama, literary criticism, screenplay
١٩٦٥ Михаил Александрович Шолохов.jpg Mikhail Sholokhov  یەکێتیی سۆڤیەت Russian "for the artistic power and integrity with which, in his epic of the Don, he has given expression to a historic phase in the life of the Russian people"[٥٩] novel
١٩٦٦ Agnon.jpg Shmuel Yosef Agnon  ئیسرائیل
(Born in Austria-Hungary)
Hebrew "for his profoundly characteristic narrative art with motifs from the life of the Jewish people"[٦٠] novel, short story
Nelly Sachs 1966.jpg Nelly Sachs  ئەڵمانیا
 سوێد
(Born in Germany)
German "for her outstanding lyrical and dramatic writing, which interprets Israel's destiny with touching strength"[٦٠] poetry, drama
١٩٦٧ MiguelAngelAsturias.JPG Miguel Ángel Asturias  گواتیمالا Spanish "for his vivid literary achievement, deep-rooted in the national traits and traditions of Indian peoples of Latin America"[٦١] novel, poetry
١٩٦٨ Yasunari Kawabata 1938.jpg Yasunari Kawabata  ژاپۆن Japanese "for his narrative mastery, which with great sensibility expresses the essence of the Japanese mind"[٦٢] novel, short story
١٩٦٩ Samuel Beckett, f11.jpg Samuel Beckett  Irish Free State French and English "for his writing, which - in new forms for the novel and drama - in the destitution of modern man acquires its elevation"[٦٣] novel, drama, poetry
١٩٧٠ Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn 1974crop.jpg Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn  یەکێتیی سۆڤیەت Russian "for the ethical force with which he has pursued the indispensable traditions of Russian literature"[٦٤] novel
١٩٧١ Pablo Neruda.jpg Pablo Neruda  چیلی Spanish "for a poetry that with the action of an elemental force brings alive a continent's destiny and dreams"[٦٥] poetry
١٩٧٢ Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F062164-0004, Bonn, Heinrich Böll.jpg Heinrich Böll  ئاڵمانیای ڕۆژاوا German "for his writing, which through its combination of a broad perspective on his time and a sensitive skill in characterization has contributed to a renewal of German literature"[٦٦] novel, short story
١٩٧٣ Patrick White 1973.jpg Patrick White  ئوسترالیا
(Born in the United Kingdom)
English "for an epic and psychological narrative art, which has introduced a new continent into literature"[٦٧] novel, short story, drama
١٩٧٤ Eyvind.JPG Eyvind Johnson  سوێد Swedish "for a narrative art, farseeing in lands and ages, in the service of freedom"[٦٨] novel
Harry Martinson.jpg Harry Martinson  سوێد Swedish "for writings that catch the dewdrop and reflect the cosmos"[٦٨] poetry, novel, drama
١٩٧٥ Eugenio montale 2.jpg Eugenio Montale  ئیتالیا Italian "for his distinctive poetry, which, with great artistic sensitivity, has interpreted human values under the sign of an outlook on life with no illusions"[٦٩] poetry
١٩٧٦ Saul Bellow (Herzog portrait).jpg Saul Bellow  ویلایەتە یەکگرتووەکان
(Born in Canada)
English "for the human understanding and subtle analysis of contemporary culture that are combined in his work"[٧٠] novel, short story
١٩٧٧ Vicentealeixandre.jpg Vicente Aleixandre  ئیسپانیا Spanish "for a creative poetic writing, which illuminates man's condition in the cosmos and in present-day society, at the same time representing the great renewal of the traditions of Spanish poetry between the wars"[٧١] poetry
١٩٧٨ Isaac Bashevis Singer (upright).jpg Isaac Bashevis Singer  ویلایەتە یەکگرتووەکان
 پۆڵەندا
Yiddish "for his impassioned narrative art which, with roots in a Polish-Jewish cultural tradition, brings universal human conditions to life"[٧٢] novel, short story, memoirs
١٩٧٩ Odysseas Elytis 1974.jpg Odysseas Elytis  یۆنان Greek "for his poetry, which, against the background of Greek tradition, depicts with sensuous strength and intellectual clear-sightedness modern man's struggle for freedom and creativeness"[٧٣] poetry, essay
١٩٨٠ Czeslaw Milosz 3 ap.tif Czesław Miłosz  ویلایەتە یەکگرتووەکان
 پۆڵەندا
Polish "who with uncompromising clear-sightedness voices man's exposed condition in a world of severe conflicts"[٧٤] poetry, essay
١٩٨١ Elias Canetti 2.jpg Elias Canetti  شانشینی یەکگرتوو
(Born in Bulgaria)
German "for writings marked by a broad outlook, a wealth of ideas and artistic power"[٧٥] novel, drama, memoirs, essay
١٩٨٢ Gabriel Garcia Marquez.jpg Gabriel García Márquez  کۆلۆمبیا Spanish "for his novels and short stories, in which the fantastic and the realistic are combined in a richly composed world of imagination, reflecting a continent's life and conflicts"[٧٦] novel, short story, screenplay
١٩٨٣ William Golding 1983.jpg William Golding  شانشینی یەکگرتوو English "for his novels, which with the perspicuity of realistic narrative art and the diversity and universality of myth, illuminate the human condition in the world of today"[٧٧] novel, poetry, drama
١٩٨٤ Jaroslav Seifert 1981 foto Hana Hamplová crop.jpg Jaroslav Seifert  Czechoslovakia
(Born in Austria-Hungary)
Czech "for his poetry, which endowed with freshness, and rich inventiveness provides a liberating image of the indomitable spirit and versatility of man"[٧٨] poetry
١٩٨٥ Claude Simon 1967.jpg Claude Simon  فەڕەنسا
(Born in French Madagascar)
French "who in his novel combines the poet's and the painter's creativeness with a deepened awareness of time in the depiction of the human condition"[٧٩] novel, literary criticism
١٩٨٦ Soyinka, Wole (1934).jpg Wole Soyinka  نێجیریا English "who in a wide cultural perspective and with poetic overtones fashions the drama of existence"[٨٠] drama, novel, poetry, screenplay
١٩٨٧ Joseph Brodsky 1988.jpg Joseph Brodsky  ویلایەتە یەکگرتووەکان
(Born in the Soviet Union)
Russian and English "for an all-embracing authorship, imbued with clarity of thought and poetic intensity"[٨١] poetry, essay
١٩٨٨ Necip Mahfuz.jpg Naguib Mahfouz  میسر Arabic "who, through works rich in nuance - now clear-sightedly realistic, now evocatively ambiguous - has formed an Arabian narrative art that applies to all mankind"[٨٢] novel, short story
١٩٨٩ Camilo José Cela Madrid 1996.jpg Camilo José Cela  ئیسپانیا Spanish "for a rich and intensive prose, which with restrained compassion forms a challenging vision of man's vulnerability"[٨٣] ڕۆمان، کورتەچیرۆک، وتار، شێعر
١٩٩٠ Octavio Paz - 1988 Malmö.jpg Octavio Paz  مەکسیک Spanish "for impassioned writing with wide horizons, characterized by sensuous intelligence and humanistic integrity"[٨٤] شێعر، وتار
١٩٩١ Nadine Gordimer 01.JPG Nadine Gordimer  ئەفریقای باشوور English "who through her magnificent epic writing has - in the words of Alfred Nobel - been of very great benefit to humanity"[٨٥] ڕۆمان، کورتەچیرۆک، وتار، دراما
١٩٩٢ Derek Walcott.jpg Derek Walcott  سەینت لووسیا ئینگلیزی "for a poetic oeuvre of great luminosity, sustained by a historical vision, the outcome of a multicultural commitment"[٨٦] poetry, drama
١٩٩٣ Toni Morrison 2008-2.jpg Toni Morrison  ویلایەتە یەکگرتووەکان ئینگلیزی "who in novels characterized by visionary force and poetic import, gives life to an essential aspect of American reality"[٨٧] novel
١٩٩٤ Oe Kenzaburo 1-2.jpg Kenzaburō Ōe  ژاپۆن Japanese "who with poetic force creates an imagined world, where life and myth condense to form a disconcerting picture of the human predicament today"[٨٨] novel, short story, essay
١٩٩٥ Seamus Heaney Photograph Edit.jpg Seamus Heaney  ئیرلەند ئینگلیزی "for works of lyrical beauty and ethical depth, which exalt everyday miracles and the living past"[٨٩] poetry, drama, translation
١٩٩٦ Szymborska 2011 (1).jpg Wisława Szymborska  پۆڵەندا Polish "for poetry that with ironic precision allows the historical and biological context to come to light in fragments of human reality"[٩٠] poetry, essay, translation
١٩٩٧ Dario Fo-Cesena.jpg Dario Fo  ئیتالیا Italian "who emulates the jesters of the Middle Ages in scourging authority and upholding the dignity of the downtrodden"[٩١] drama, songwriting
١٩٩٨ JSJoseSaramago.jpg José Saramago  پورتوگال Portuguese "who with parables sustained by imagination, compassion and irony continually enables us once again to apprehend an elusory reality"[٩٢] novel, drama, poetry
١٩٩٩ Günter Grass auf dem Blauen Sofa.jpg Günter Grass  ئەڵمانیا (born in Free City of Danzig) German "whose frolicsome black fables portray the forgotten face of history"[٩٣] novel, drama, poetry
٢٠٠٠ Gao Xingjian.jpg Gao Xingjian  فەڕەنسا (since 1998)
 چین (1940–1998)
Chinese "for an oeuvre of universal validity, bitter insights and linguistic ingenuity, which has opened new paths for the Chinese novel and drama"[٩٤] novel, drama, literary criticism
٢٠٠١ VS Naipaul 2016 Dhaka.jpg V. S. Naipaul  شانشینی یەکگرتوو
(Born in Trinidad & Tobago)
ئینگلیزی "for having united perceptive narrative and incorruptible scrutiny in works that compel us to see the presence of suppressed histories"[٩٥] novel, essay
٢٠٠٢ Kertész Imre (Frankl Aliona).jpg Imre Kertész  مەجارستان Hungarian "for writing that upholds the fragile experience of the individual against the barbaric arbitrariness of history"[٩٦] novel
٢٠٠٣ J.M. Coetzee.JPG J. M. Coetzee  ئوسترالیا
 ئەفریقای باشوور
ئینگلیزی "who in innumerable guises portrays the surprising involvement of the outsider"[٩٧] novel, essay, translation
٢٠٠٤ Elfriede jelinek 2004 small.jpg Elfriede Jelinek  نەمسا German "for her musical flow of voices and counter-voices in novels and plays that with extraordinary linguistic zeal reveal the absurdity of society's clichés and their subjugating power"[٩٨] novel, drama
٢٠٠٥ Pinterfoto cropped2.jpg Harold Pinter  شانشینی یەکگرتوو English "who in his plays uncovers the precipice under everyday prattle and forces entry into oppression's closed rooms"[٩٩] drama, screenplay
٢٠٠٦ Orhan Pamuk 2009 Shankbone.jpg Orhan Pamuk  تورکیا Turkish "who in the quest for the melancholic soul of his native city has discovered new symbols for the clash and interlacing of cultures"[١٠٠] novel, screenplay, autobiography, essay
٢٠٠٧ Doris lessing 20060312 (square).jpg Doris Lessing  شانشینی یەکگرتوو
 زیمبابوی
(born in Iran)
English "that epicist of the female experience, who with scepticism, fire and visionary power has subjected a divided civilisation to scrutiny"[١٠١] novel, drama, poetry, short story, memoirs, autobiography
٢٠٠٨ Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio-press conference Dec 06th, 2008-2.jpg J. M. G. Le Clézio  فەڕەنسا
 مۆریس
French "author of new departures, poetic adventure and sensual ecstasy, explorer of a humanity beyond and below the reigning civilization"[١٠٢] novel, short story, essay, translation
٢٠٠٩ Herta Müller 1.jpg Herta Müller  ئەڵمانیا
(Born in Romania)
German "who, with the concentration of poetry and the frankness of prose, depicts the landscape of the dispossessed"[١٠٣] novel, short story, poetry, essay
٢٠١٠ Vargas Llosa Madrid 2012.jpg Mario Vargas Llosa  پێروو
 ئیسپانیا
Spanish "for his cartography of structures of power and his trenchant images of the individual's resistance, revolt, and defeat"[١٠٤] novel, short story, essay, drama, memoirs
٢٠١١ Transtroemer.jpg Tomas Tranströmer  سوێد Swedish "because, through his condensed, translucent images, he gives us fresh access to reality"[١٠٥] poetry, translation
٢٠١٢ MoYan Hamburg 2008.jpg Mo Yan  چین Chinese "who with hallucinatory realism merges folk tales, history and the contemporary"[١٠٦] novel, short story
٢٠١٣ Alice Munro.jpg Alice Munro  کەنەدا English "master of the contemporary short story"[١٠٧] short story
٢٠١٤ Patrick Modiano 6 dec 2014 - 22.jpg Patrick Modiano  فەڕەنسا French "for the art of memory with which he has evoked the most ungraspable human destinies and uncovered the life-world of the occupation"[١٠٨] novel, screenplay
٢٠١٥ Swetlana Alexijewitsch 2013.jpg Svetlana Alexievich  بیلاڕووس
(Born in the Soviet Union)
Russian "for her polyphonic writings, a monument to suffering and courage in our time"[١٠٩] history, essay
٢٠١٦ Bob Dylan - Azkena Rock Festival 2010 2.jpg Bob Dylan  ویلایەتە یەکگرتووەکان English "for having created new poetic expressions within the great American song tradition"[١١٠] poetry, songwriting
٢٠١٧ Kazuo Ishiguro in Stockholm 2017 02.jpg Kazuo Ishiguro  شانشینی یەکگرتوو (born in Japan) English "who, in novels of great emotional force, has uncovered the abyss beneath our illusory sense of connection with the world"[١١١] novel, screenplay, short story
٢٠١٨ Olga Tokarczuk (2018).jpg Olga Tokarczuk  پۆڵەندا Polish “for a narrative imagination that with encyclopedic passion represents the crossing of boundaries as a form of life”[١١٢] ڕۆمان، کورتەچیرۆک، شێعر، وتار، سیناریۆ
٢٠١٩ Peter-handke.jpg Peter Handke  نەمسا German "for an influential work that with linguistic ingenuity has explored the periphery and the specificity of human experience."[١١٣] ڕۆمان، کورتەچیرۆک، دراما، وەرگێڕان، سیناریۆ
٢٠٢٠ Louise Glück circa 1977.jpg لویس گلیک  ویلایەتە یەکگرتووەکان ئینگلیزی "بۆ دەنگە شیعرییە بێ وێنەکەی کە بە جوانییەکی توندو تۆڵەوە بوونی تاک گشتگیر دەکات."[١١٤] شیعر، وتە
٢٠٢١ AbulrazakGurnahHebronPanel (cropped).jpg عەبدولڕەزاق قۆرنە
(b. 1948)
 شانشینی یەکگرتوو
 تانزانیا
(Born in the Sultanate of Zanzibar)
ئینگلیزی " ناتەواوی و دزەکردنی بەزەیی کاریگەرییەکانی کۆلۆنیالیزم و چارەنووسی پەنابەران لە کەنداو لە نێوان کلتور و کیشوەرەکان"[١١٥] ڕۆمان

سەرچاوەکان[دەستکاری]

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