زەندییەکان

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ئاڵای زەندییەکان

زەندییەکان بەرەماڵێکی کوردی لەک[١][٢][٣] بوون کە لە ساڵانی ١٧٥٠ تا ١٧٩٤ لە ئێران حکوومەتیان دەکرد.[٤][٥] بۆ یەکەم جار کەریم خانی زەند توانی لە دوای هەڵوەشینەوەی پادشایی ئەفشارییەکان ئاسایش بھێنێتەوە وڵات و حکوومەتێکی بەھێز پێک بێنێت. پایتەختی زەندییەکان شیراز بوو.

سەرچاوەکان[دەستکاری]

  1. ^ Tucker, Ernest (2020). "Karīm Khān Zand". In Fleet, Kate; Krämer, Gudrun; Matringe, Denis; Nawas, John; Rowson, Everett. Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE. Brill Online. The Zands were a branch of the Laks, a subgroup of the northern Lurs, who spoke Luri, a Western Iranian language.
  2. ^ Perry, John. "ZAND DYNASTY". iranicaonline.org. Encyclopædia Iranica. Retrieved 24 March 2017. The founder of the dynasty was Moḥammad Karim Khan b. Ināq Khan (...) of the Bagala branch of the Zand, a pastoral tribe of the Lak branch of Lors (perhaps originally Kurds; see Minorsky, p. 616) (...)
  3. ^ ...the bulk of the evidence points to their being one of the northern Lur or Lak tribes, who may originally have been immigrants of Kurdish origin., Peter Avery, William Bayne Fisher, Gavin Hambly, Charles Melville (ed.), The Cambridge History of Iran: From Nadir Shah to the Islamic Republic, Cambridge University Press, 1991, ISBN 978-0-521-20095-0, p. 64.
  4. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=y6BCAAAAIAAJ&q=%22A+fourth+pretender+was+Karim+Khan,+son+of+Aymak+of+the+Zand%22&dq=%22A+fourth+pretender+was+Karim+Khan,+son+of+Aymak+of+the+Zand%22&hl=en&ei=b_RKTr-IK4jqmAWpmNHuBw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAA
  5. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=sl4PIeyWriUC&pg=PA308&dq=%22Karim+Khan+Zand,+the+founder+of+the+Kurdish+Zand+dynasty%22&hl=en&ei=QftKTviXOLD2mAWLiPSICA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCwQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=%22Karim%20Khan%20Zand%2C%20the%20founder%20of%20the%20Kurdish%20Zand%20dynasty%22&f=false