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داڕێژە:Citation

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ھەڵەی لوا لە مۆدیوول:Lua_banner لە ڕیزی 115:attempt to compare number with nil. The Citation template generates a citation for a book, periodical, contribution in a collective work, or a web page. It determines the citation type by examining which parameters are used. As with other citation templates, this template can be used either in a footnote (between <ref>...</ref> tags) or in a section that lists sources. This template uses the same Lua code as citation style 1 (CS1) templates with parameters to change the displayed format to citation style 2 (CS2).

If the correct parameters are used, this template produces output identical to that of the Cite templates, such as {{Cite book}} and {{Cite web}}, with one important exception: By default, this Citation template uses commas in places where the Cite templates use periods (full stops) by default; either type of template can use periods (full stops) or commas by using an optional parameter.

Regardless of which citation templates are used or even if none are used at all, all citations should have the same format throughout an article in the saved, rendered text.

Note: All parameter names must be lowercase.

Simple citations

This section covers the most commonly used parameters. You can copy the horizontal form or vertical form below and then add in extra parameters from the full list. Spacing and ordering of the parameters within the template is irrelevant and does not affect the final, rendered text.

{{Citation |last= |first= |year= |title= |publisher= |publication-place= |page= |url= |accessdate= }}

{{Citation
| last       =
| first      =
| year       =
| title      =
| publisher  =
| publication-place =
| page       =
| url        =
| accessdate =
}}
  • last: The author's surname or last name. Don't use with the author parameter.
  • first: The author's first or given name(s).
  • year: Year of authorship or publication. Mandatory for use with links from Template:Harvard citation, unless |date= specifies both month and year.
  • title: Title of the work. Mandatory for web references.
  • publisher: The name of the publisher. Omit terms such as Publishers, Co., Inc., Ltd., etc., but retain the words Books or Press. Not normally included where the publication is a periodical which has its own Wikipedia article (e.g. Newsweek, Billboard).
    • publication-place (or place or location): The city of publication. If more than one town/city is listed on the title page, give the first one or the location of the publisher's head office. Omit when the publication is a periodical whose name specifies the location (e.g. The New York Times, The Times of India)
  • page: For use when one page is cited. Adds "p." before the page number. Do not use with pages.
  • url: A url of an online location where the item can be found. If the url includes double quotes, these must be encoded as "%22".
    • accessdate: Date[n ١] when the url was accessed.

Example

{{Citation
| last      = Turner
| first     = Orsamus
| title     = History of the pioneer settlement of
Phelps and Gorham's purchase, and Morris' reserve
| publisher = William Alling
| place     = Rochester, New York
| year      = 1851
| ol        = 7120924W
}}
Turner، Orsamus (1851)، History of the pioneer settlement of Phelps and Gorham's purchase, and Morris' reserve، Rochester, New York: William Alling، OL 7120924W 

Full citation parameters

These can be used for all types of publication. All are optional and indentation is used simply to group related items — these may be mutually exclusive where indicated. Some hyphenated names can also be placed without hyphens.

{{Citation
| author  =
| last    =
| first   =
| author2 =
| last2   =
| first2  =
| author-link  =
| author2-link =
| author-separator =
| author-name-separator =
| author-mask =
| display-authors =
| editor        =
| editor-last   =
| editor-first  =
| editor2       =
| editor2-last  =
| editor2-first =
| editor-link   =
| editor2-link  =
| translator-last =
| translator-first =
| translator-link = 
| translator2-last =
| translator2-first =
| translator2-link =
| others   =
| publication-date =
| date     =
| year     =
| origyear =
| title    =
| chapter  =
| chapter-url  =
| chapter-format  =
| contribution =
| contribution-url =
| type    =
| journal =
| periodical =
| newspaper  =
| magazine   =
| encyclopedia =
| work =
| edition =
| series  =
| volume  =
| issue   =
| publisher =
| publication-place =
| place    =
| language =
| page  =
| pages =
| nopp  =
| at   =
| id   =
| isbn =
| issn =
| oclc =
| pmid =
| pmc  =
| bibcode =
| doi =
| doi-inactive-date=
| zbl =
| url =
| accessdate  =
| format      =
| archiveurl  =
| archivedate =
| url-status    =
| quote      =
| layurl =
| laysource  =
| laydate    =
| separator  =
| postscript =
| ref =
}}

Parameters

Syntax

Nested parameters rely on their parent parameters:

  • parent
  • OR: parent2—may be used instead of parent
    • child—may be used with parent (and is ignored if parent is not used)
    • OR: child2—may be used instead of child (and is ignored if parent2 is not used)
Where aliases are listed, only one of the parameters may be defined; if multiple aliased parameters are defined, then only one will show.


داڕێژە:Citation Style documentation/sep comma

COinS

This template embeds COinS metadata in the HTML output, allowing reference management software to retrieve bibliographic metadata. See: Wikipedia:COinS. As a general rule, only one data item per parameter. Do not include explanatory or alternate text:

  • Use |date=27 September 2007 not |date=27 September 2007 (print version 25 September)

Use of templates within the citation template, is generally discouraged as many of these templates will add a lot of extraneous HTML or CSS that will be rendered in the metadata.

COinS metadata is created for these parameters:

  • |periodical=, |journal=, |newspaper=, |magazine=, |work=, |website=, |encyclopedia=, |encyclopaedia=, |dictionary=
  • |chapter=, |contribution=, |entry=, |article=, |section=
  • |title=
  • |publicationplace=, |publication-place=
  • |date=, |year=, |publicationdate=, |publication-date=
  • |series=
  • |volume=
  • |issue=, |number=
  • |page=, |pages=, |at=
  • |edition=
  • |publisher=, |distributor=, |institution=
  • |url=
  • |chapterurl=, |chapter-url=, |contributionurl=, |contribution-url=, |sectionurl=
  • |author#=, |Author#=, |authors#=, |author#-last=, |author-last#=, |last#=, |surname#=
  • any of the identifiers (|isbn=, |issn=, |doi=, |pmc=, etc)


What's new

What's new or changed recently
Parameter New or changed param
|script-work= New. Name of the |work= in its original script (Chinese, Cyrillic, Devanagari, etc.) if not a Latin script.
|trans-work= New. Name of the |work= in English, if the original is in another language.
|url-status= New. Replaces dead-url; list of values has changed. Interacts with archive-url. See url-status.

Deprecated

The following parameters are deprecated and will no longer work. Their use will place the page into Category:Pages containing cite templates with deprecated parameters:

  • access-date · accessday · accessdaymonth · accessed · accessmonth · accessmonthday · accessyear: Use accessdate to include the full date of access.
  • day: Use date to include the day, month and year.
  • dateformat · doilabel: These parameters are no longer supported.


Description

Authors

  • last: Surname of author. Do not wikilink—use authorlink instead. Where the surname is usually written first—as in Chinese—or for corporate authors, simply use last to include the same format as the source. Aliases: last1, author, authors, author1.
    • first: Given or first names of author, including title(s); for example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use authorlink instead. Aliases: first1.
    • OR: for multiple authors, use last1, first1 through lastn, firstn where n is any consecutive number for an unlimited number of authors. By default, if nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and "et al." will show in place of the last author. See the display parameters to change. Aliases: author1 through authorn.
  • authorlink: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author—not the author's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: authorlink1, author-link, author1-link, author1link.
  • OR: for multiple authors, use authorlink1 through authorlinkn. Aliases: author1-link through authorn-link.
  • others: To record other contributors to the work, such as Illustrated by John Smith or Translated by John Smith.
When using shortened footnotes or parenthetical referencing styles with templates, do not use multiple names in one field or else the anchor will not match the inline link.

Editors

  • editor-last: Surname of editor. Do not wikilink—use editor-link instead. Where the surname is usually written first—as in Chinese—or for corporate authors, simply use editor-last to include the same format as the source. Aliases: editor1-last, editor, editors, editorn.
    • editor-first: Given or first names of editor, including title(s); example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use editor-link instead. Aliases: editor1-first.
    • OR: for multiple editors, use editor1-last, editor1-first through editorn-last, editorn-first.
  • editor-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor—not the editor's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: editor1-link.
  • OR: for multiple editors, use editor1-link through editorn-link.
Display:
If authors: Authors are first, followed by the included work, then "In" and the editors, then the main work.
If no authors: Editors appear before the included work; a single editor is followed by "ed."; multiple editors are followed by "eds."; exactly four editors will show three editors followed by "et al., eds."


Title

  • title: Title of source. Can be wikilinked to an existing Wikipedia article or url may be used to add an external link, but not both. Displays in italics.
    • trans_title: English translation of the title if the source cited is in a foreign language. Displays in square brackets after title; if url is defined, then trans_title is included in the link. Use of the language parameter is recommended.
Titles containing certain characters will display and link incorrectly unless those characters are encoded.
newline [ ] |
space &#91; &#93; &#124;


  • chapter: The chapter heading of the source. May be wikilinked or may use chapter-url, but not both. Displays in quotes.
    • trans_chapter: English translation of the chapter heading, if the source cited is in a foreign language. Displays in square brackets after the chapter field; if chapter-url is defined, then trans_chapter is included in the link. Use of the language parameter is recommended.


  • type: Provides additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case. Displays in parentheses following the title. Examples: Thesis, Booklet, CD liner, Press release.


  • language: The language the source is written in, if not English. Displays in parentheses with "in" before the language name. Use the full language name or ISO 639-1 code; use of ISO 639-1 also adds appropriate language categorization; do not use icons or templates.

Date

  • date: Date of source being referenced. Can be full date (day, month, and year) or partial date (month and year, season and year, year). Use same format as other publication dates in the citations.[١] Required when year is used to disambiguate {{sfn}} links to multiple-work citations by the same author in the same year.[more]. Do not wikilink. Displays after the authors and is enclosed in parentheses. If there is no author, then displays after publisher.
  • OR:
    • year: Year of source being referenced. Required with some types of {{sfn}} citations;[more] otherwise use date.
    • month: (deprecated) Name of the month or season of publication. Use date instead.
    • origyear: Original publication year; displays after the date or year. For clarity, please supply specifics. For example: |origyear=First published 1859 or |origyear=Composed 1904.
  1. ^ Publication dates in references within an article should all have the same format. See: MOS:DATEUNIFY.


Work

داڕێژە:Citation Style documentation/journal

Publisher

  • publisher: Name of publisher; may be wikilinked if relevant. Not normally included for periodicals. Corporate designations such as "Ltd", "Inc" or "GmbH" are not usually included. Displays after title; if work is defined, then publisher is enclosed in parentheses.
  • place: Geographical place of publication; generally not wikilinked; omit when the name of the work includes the location; examples: The Boston Globe, The Times of India. Displays after the title; if work is defined, then location is enclosed in parentheses. Alias: location
  • publication-place: If any one of publication-place, place or location are defined, then the location shows after the title; if publication-place and place or location are defined, then place or location are shown before the title prefixed with "written at" and publication-place is shown after the title.
  • publication-date: Date of publication when different from the date the work was written. Displays only if year or date are defined and only if different, else publication-date is used and displayed as date. Use the same format as other dates in the article; do not wikilink. Follows publisher; if work is not defined, then publication-date is preceded by "published" and enclosed in parenthesis.


Edition, series, volume

  • edition: When the publication has more than one edition; for example: "2nd", "Revised" etc. Displays " ed." after this field, so |edition=2nd produces "2nd ed." Does not display if a periodical field is defined.


  • series or version: When the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal where the issue numbering has restarted.


  • volume: For one publication published in several volumes. Displays after the title and series fields; volumes of four characters or less display in bold.


In-source locations

  • page: Page in the source that supports the content. Displays preceded with p. unless |nopp=y.
  • OR: pages: Pages in the source that supports the content; separate page ranges with an en dash (–); separate non-sequential pages with a comma (,); do not use to indicate the total number of pages in the source. Displays preceded with pp. unless |nopp=y. Hyphens are automatically converted to en dashes; if hyphens are appropriate, for example: pp. 3-1–3-15, use |at=.
    • nopp: Set to y to suppress the p. or pp. notations where this is inappropriate; for example, where |page=Front cover.
  • OR: at: For sources where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient. Overridden by |page= or |pages=.
Examples: page (p.) or pages (pp.); section (sec.), column (col.), paragraph (para.); track; hours, minutes and seconds; act, scene, canto, book, part, folio, stanza, back cover, liner notes, indicia, colophon, dust jacket, verse.


URL

  • url: URL of an online location where the text of the publication can be found. Cannot be used if title is wikilinked. If applicable, the link may point to the specific page(s) referenced. Do not link to any commercial booksellers, such as Amazon.com. See: WP:PAGELINKS.
    • accessdate: Full date when original URL was accessed; use the same format as other access and archive dates in the citations.[١] Do not wikilink. Not required for web pages or linked documents that do not change; mainly for use of web pages that change frequently or have no publication date. Can be hidden or styled by registered editors.
    • archiveurl: The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the url becomes unavailable. Typically used to refer to services like WebCite (see: Wikipedia:Using WebCite) and Internet Archive (see: Wikipedia:Using the Wayback Machine); requires archivedate.
      • archivedate: Date when the original URL was archived; preceded by default text "archived from the original on". Use the same format as other access and archive dates in the citations.[١] Do not wikilink.
      • deadurl: When the URL is still live, but preemptively archived, then set |deadurl=no. This changes the display order with the title retaining the original link and the archive linked at the end.
    • template doc demo: The archive parameters will be error checked to ensure that all the required parameters are included, or else {{citation error}} is invoked. With errors, main, help and template pages are placed into Category:Articles with incorrect citation syntax. Set |template doc demo=true to disable categorization; mainly used for documentation where the error is demonstrated.
  • format: Format of the work referred to by url; for example: PDF, DOC, or XLS; displayed in parentheses after title. HTML is implied and should not be specified. Does not change the external link icon. Note: External link icons do not include alt text; thus, they do not add format information for the visually impaired.
URLs must begin with a supported URI scheme. http:// and https:// will be supported by all browsers; however, ftp://, gopher://, irc://, ircs://, mailto: and news: will require a plug-in or an external application and should normally be avoided. IPv6 host-names are currently not supported.
If URLs in citation template parameters contain certain characters, then they will not display and link correctly. Those characters need to be percent-encoded. For example, a space must be replaced by %20. To encode the URL, replace the following characters with:
sp " ' < > [ ] | }
%20 %22 %27 %3c %3e %5b %5d %7c %7d
Single apostrophes do not need to be encoded; however, unencoded multiples will be parsed as italic or bold markup. Single curly closing braces also do not need to be encoded; however, an unencoded pair will be parsed as the double closing braces for the template transclusion.
  1. ^ ی ا Accessdate and archivedate in references should all have the same format – either the format used for publication dates, or YYYY-MM-DD. See: MOS:DATEUNIFY.


Chapter URL

  • chapter-url: URL of an online location where the text of the publication named by chapter or contribution can be found. Cannot be used if those parameters are wikilinked. Should be at the same site as url, if any. If chapter-url is used, url should only be used if the beginning of the work and the cited chapter are on separate webpages at the site. Aliases: chapterurl, contribution-url, section-url.
  • chapter-format: Format of the work referred to by chapter-url; for example: PDF, DOC, or XLS; displayed in parentheses after chapter. HTML is implied and should not be specified. Does not change the external link icon. Note: External link icons do not include alt text; thus, they do not add format information for the visually impaired.

Anchor


Identifiers

  • id: A unique identifier, used where none of the specialized identifiers are applicable; wikilink or use a template as applicable.

These identifiers create links and are designed to accept a single value. Using multiple values or other text will break the link and/or invalidate the identifier.


Quote

  • quote: Relevant text quoted from the source. Displays enclosed in quotes.


Laysummary

  • layurl: URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; the URL title is set to "Lay summary". Aliases: laysummary.
    • laysource: Name of the source of the laysummary. Displays in italics and preceded by an endash.
    • laydate: Date of the summary. Displays in parentheses.


Display options

  • author-mask: Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text. Set author-mask to a numeric value n to set the dash n em spaces wide; set author-mask to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, "with". You must still include the values for all authors for metadata purposes. Primarily intended for use with bibliography styles where multiple works by a single author are listed sequentially. Do not use in a list generated by {{reflist}}, <references /> or similar as there is no control of the order in which references are displayed.
  • author-name-separator: Controls the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space (, ); if the parameter is present, but blank, separator punctuation is set to the default; a space must be encoded as &#32;.
  • author-separator: Controls the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space (; ); if the parameter is present, but blank, separator punctuation is set to the default; a space must be encoded as &#32;.
  • display-authors: Controls the number of author names that are displayed when a citation is published. To change the displayed number of authors, set display-authors to the desired number. For example, |display-authors=2 will display only the first two authors in a citation. By default, all authors are displayed except when there are nine authors, then the author list in the citation is truncated to eight authors, followed by "et al." This exception mimics the older version of the template for compatibility. If a citation contains nine author names and one wishes all nine author names to display, "et al." may be suppressed by setting |display-authors=9. Aliases: displayauthors.
  • display-editors: Controls the number of editor names that are displayed when a citation is published. To change the displayed number of editors, set display-editors to the desired number. For example, |display-editors=2 will display only the first two editors in a citation. By default, all editors are displayed except when there are four editors, then the editor list in the citation is truncated to three editors, followed by "et al." This exception mimics the older version of the template for compatibility. If a citation contains four editor names and one wishes all four editor names to display, "et al." may be suppressed by setting |display-editors=4. Aliases: displayeditors.
  • lastauthoramp: Switches the separator between the last two names of the author list to space ampersand space ( & ) when set to any value. Example: |lastauthoramp=yes
  • postscript: Controls the closing punctuation for a citation; defaults to none. Ignored if quote is defined.
  • separator: Controls the punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc. Defaults to a comma and space (, ); if the parameter is present, but blank, separator punctuation is set to the default; a space must be encoded as &#32;.

Subscription or registration required

Citations of online sources that require registration or a subscription are acceptable in Wikipedia as documented in Verifiability § Access to sources. As a courtesy to readers and other editors, editors should signal the access restrictions of the external links included in a citation. Nota bene: access icons do not display correctly for editors who use Modern skin.

Four access levels can be used:

As there are often multiple external links with different access levels in the same citation, these values are attributed to a particular external link.

Access indicators for url-holding parameters

Sources linked by |url=, |chapter-url=, |entry-url=, |article-url=, and |section-url= are presumed to be free-to-read. When they are not free-to-read, editors should mark those sources with the matching access-indicator parameter so that an appropriate icon is included in the rendered citation. Because the sources linked by these url-holding parameters are presumed to be free-to-read, they may not be marked as free.

url-holding and access-indicator parameters
url access allowed keywords
|url= |url-access= registration Free registration required
limited Free access subject to limited trial, subscription normally required
subscription Paid subscription required
|article-url= |article-url-access=
|chapter-url= |chapter-url-access=
|contribution-url= |chapter-url-access=dagger
|entry-url= |entry-url-access=
|section-url= |section-url-access=

dagger|contribution-url-access= not currently defined; use its alias |chapter-url-access=

Access indicator for named identifiers

Links inserted by named identifiers are presumed to lie behind a paywall or registration barrier – exceptions listed below. When they are free-to-read, editors should mark those sources with the matching access-indicator parameter so that an appropriate icon is included in the rendered citation. Because the sources linked by these named-identifier parameters are not presumed to be free-to-read, they may not be marked as limited, registration, or subscription.

named-identifier and access-indicator parameters
identifier access allowed keywords
|bibcode= |bibcode-access= free Freely accessible
|doi= |doi-access=
|hdl= |hdl-access=dagger
|jstor= |jstor-access=
|ol= |ol-access=
|osti= |osti-access=

Some named-identifiers are always free-to-read. For those named-identifiers there are no access-indicator parameters, the access level is automatically indicated by the template. These named identifiers are:

  • |arxiv=
  • |biorxiv=
  • |citeseerx=
  • |pmc=
  • |rfc=
  • |ssrn=
Ambiguous access parameters

The parameters |registration=yes and |subscription=yes can also be used to indicate the access level of a citation. However, they do not indicate which link they apply to, so editors are encouraged to use |url-access=registration and |url-access=subscription instead, when the restriction applies to |url=. If the restriction applies to an identifier, these parameters should be omitted.

These parameters add a link note to the end of the citation:

  • registration: (deprecated) For online sources that require registration, set |registration=yes (or y, or true); yields to subscription if both are set. Use the appropriate access-indicator parameter
  • subscription: (deprecated) For online sources that require a subscription, set |subscription=yes (or y, or true); supersedes registration if both are set. Use the appropriate access-indicator parameter

Setting |registration= or |subscription= to any value other than y, yes, or true will generate an error message.

Examples

Books

Three authors, a volume, and an edition. Ampersand (&) forced before final author's name.
{{Citation
| last1  = Lincoln
| first1 = A.
| last2  = Washington
| first2 = G.
| last3  = Adams
| first3 = J.
| lastauthoramp = yes
| title     = All the Presidents' Names
| publisher = The Pentagon
| place     = Home Base, New York
| volume  = XII
| edition = 2nd
| year    = 2007
}}
Lincoln، A.؛ Washington، G. و Adams، J. (2007)، All the Presidents' Names، XII (وەشانی 2nd)، Home Base, New York: The Pentagon 

Web

Web page
{{Citation
| url   = http://nrhp.focus.nps.gov/
| title = NPS Focus
| work  = National Register of Historic Places
| publisher  = [[National Park Service]]
| accessdate = November 30, 2010
| ref = none
}}
"NPS Focus"، National Register of Historic Places، National Park Service، لە ڕێکەوتی November 30, 2010 ھێنراوە 
Archived page
{{Citation
| url = http://liftoff.msfc.nasa.gov/academy/space/atmosphere.html
| title = Earth's Atmosphere
| accessdate = October 25, 2007
| publisher  = [[National Aeronautics and Space Administration]]
| year   = 1995
| author = NASA
| archiveurl = https://web.archive.org/web/20071013232332/http://
liftoff.msfc.nasa.gov/academy/space/atmosphere.html
| archivedate = October 13, 2007
}}
NASA (1995)، Earth's Atmosphere، National Aeronautics and Space Administration، لە ڕەسەنەوە ئەرشیڤ کراوە لە October 13, 2007، لە ڕێکەوتی October 25, 2007 ھێنراوە 

Journals, newspapers, magazines, or other periodicals

Journal article
{{Citation
| last  = Hill
| first = Marvin S.
| title = Joseph Smith and the 1826
Trial: New Evidence and New
Difficulties
| journal = BYU Studies
| volume  = 12
| issue   = 2
| year    = 1976
| pages   = 1–8
| url     = https://byustudies.byu.edu/shop/PDFSRC/12.2Hill.pdf
}}
Hill، Marvin S. (1976)، "Joseph Smith and the 1826 Trial: New Evidence and New Difficulties" (PDF)، BYU Studies، 12 (2): 1–8 
Journal article with multiple authors and identifier
{{Citation
| last1  = Mandelkern
| first1 = M
| last2  = Elias
| first2 = J
| last3  = Eden
| first3 = D
| last4  = Crothers
| first4 = D
| display-authors = 2
| title   = The dimensions of DNA in solution
| journal = J Mol Biol
| volume  = 152
| issue = 1
| pages = 153–161
| year  = 1981
| pmid  = 7338906
| doi   = 10.1016/0022-2836(81)90099-1
}}
Mandelkern، M؛ Elias، J؛ و ھی تر. (1981)، "The dimensions of DNA in solution"، J Mol Biol، 152 (1): 153–161، PMID 7338906، doi:10.1016/0022-2836(81)90099-1 
Newspaper article
{{Citation
| last  = Smith
| first = Joseph III
| author-link = Joseph Smith III
| title = Last Testimony of Sister Emma
| newspaper = The Saints' Herald
| location = Plano, IL
| volume = 26
| issue  = 19
| date   = October 1, 1879
| page   = 289
| url    = http://www.sidneyrigdon.com/dbroadhu/
IL/sain1872.htm#100179
}}
Smith، Joseph III (October 1, 1879)، "Last Testimony of Sister Emma"، The Saints' Herald، Plano, IL، 26 (19)، پەڕە 289 

Conference papers and public lectures

Conference paper
{{Citation
| last   = Sullivan
| first  = D.B.
| contribution = Time and frequency measurement
 at NIST: The first 100 years
| year   = 2001
| title  = 2001 IEEE Int'l Frequency Control Symp.
| publisher = National Institute of Standards and Technology
| contribution-url = http://tf.nist.gov/timefreq/general/pdf/1485.pdf
}}
Sullivan، D.B. (2001)، "Time and frequency measurement at NIST: The first 100 years" (PDF)، 2001 IEEE Int'l Frequency Control Symp.، National Institute of Standards and Technology 
Lecture
{{Citation
| last   = Habicht
| first  = Christian
| contribution = Hellenistic Athens and her Philosophers
| year   = 1988
| title  = David Magie Lecture, Princeton University Program in the History, Archaeology, and Religions of the Ancient World
| publisher = Princeton University
| page=14 
}}
Habicht، Christian (1988)، "Hellenistic Athens and her Philosophers"، David Magie Lecture, Princeton University Program in the History, Archaeology, and Religions of the Ancient World، Princeton University، پەڕە 14 

Parts of books, including encyclopedia articles

Manuscript published in an edited compilation
{{Citation
| last  = Bidamon
| first = Emma Smith
| author-link = Emma Hale Smith
| chapter = Letter to Emma S. Pilgrim
| date = March 27, 1876
| editor-last  = Vogel
| editor-first = Dan
| title  = Early Mormon Documents
| volume = 1
| publisher = Signature Books
| publication-date = 1996
| isbn = 1-56085-072-8
}}
Bidamon، Emma Smith (March 27, 1876)، "Letter to Emma S. Pilgrim"، in Vogel، Dan، Early Mormon Documents، 1، Signature Books (بڵاوکرایەوە 1996)، ISBN 1-56085-072-8 
Work with an editor but no author
{{Citation
| editor-last  = Vogel
| editor-first = Dan
| title  = Early Mormon Documents
| volume = 1
| publisher = Signature Books
| date = 1996
| isbn = 1-56085-072-8
}}
Vogel، Dan, دەستکاریکەر (1996)، Early Mormon Documents، 1، Signature Books، ISBN 1-56085-072-8 
Encyclopedia article by a named author
{{Citation
| last  = Kramer
| first = Martin
| author-link  = Martin Kramer
| year=1999
| title = Bernard Lewis
| editor-last  = Boyd
| editor-first = Kelley
| encyclopedia = Encyclopedia of Historians and Historical Writing
| volume = 1
| pages  = 719–720
| location = London
| publisher = Fitzroy Dearborn
| url = http://www.geocities.com/martinkramerorg/BernardLewis.htm
}}
Kramer، Martin (1999)، "Bernard Lewis"، in Boyd، Kelley، Encyclopedia of Historians and Historical Writing، 1، London: Fitzroy Dearborn، پەڕەکان 719–720 
Encyclopedia article with no named author
{{Citation
| title = Bernard Lewis
| editor-last = Boyd
| editor-first = Kelley
| year = 1999
| encyclopedia = Encyclopedia of Historians
and Historical Writing
| volume = 1
| pages = 719–720
| publisher = Fitzroy Dearborn
| location = London
| url = http://www.geocities.com/martinkramerorg/BernardLewis.htm
}}
Boyd، Kelley, دەستکاریکەر (1999)، "Bernard Lewis"، Encyclopedia of Historians and Historical Writing، 1، London: Fitzroy Dearborn، پەڕەکان 719–720 

Republications, or edited quotations in a periodical article

Manuscript edited and published in a journal
{{Citation
| last = Knight
| first = Joseph, Sr.
| year = 1833
| editor-last = Jessee
| editor-first = Dean
| title = Joseph Knight's Recollection
of Early Mormon History
| journal = BYU Studies
| volume = 17
| issue = 1
| publication-date = 1976
| page = 35
| url = https://byustudies.byu.edu/shop/PDFSRC/17.1Jessee.pdf
}}
Knight، Joseph, Sr. (1833)، دەستکاریکەر: Jessee، Dean، "Joseph Knight's Recollection of Early Mormon History" (PDF)، BYU Studies (بڵاوکرایەوە 1976)، 17 (1): 35 
Manuscript written at one date and place, then published in a periodical at a different date and place with commentary by the editor.
{{Citation
| last = Klingensmith
| first = Philip
| type = Affidavit
| date = September 5, 1872
| place = Lincoln County, Nevada
| title = Mountain Meadows Massacre
| editor-last = Toohy
| editor-first = Dennis J.
| journal = Corinne Daily Reporter
| publication-date = September 24, 1872
| publication-place = Corinne, Utah
| volume = 5
| issue = 252
| page = 1
| url = http://udn.lib.utah.edu/u?/corinne,5359
}}
Klingensmith، Philip (September 5, 1872)، لە Lincoln County, Nevada نووسراوە، دەستکاریکەر: Toohy، Dennis J.، "Mountain Meadows Massacre"، Corinne Daily Reporter (Affidavit)، Corinne, Utah (بڵاوکرایەوە September 24, 1872)، 5 (252): 1 

Press release

Press release with quotation
{{Citation
| url = https://www.apple.com/pr/library/2010/04/05ipad.html
| title = Apple Sells Over 300,000 iPads First Day
| publisher = Apple Inc
| accessdate = April 10, 2010
| quote = in the US as of midnight Saturday, April 3
| ref = none}}
Apple Sells Over 300,000 iPads First Day، Apple Inc، لە ڕێکەوتی April 10, 2010 ھێنراوە، in the US as of midnight Saturday, April 3 

Anchored citations

This template can generate a citation that can be combined with shortened footnotes or parenthetical referencing. It does this by creating an HTML anchor containing an ID. The special parameter |ref=harv generates an ID suitable for Harvard referencing templates such as {{harv}} as specified in the next section; this is the default for the {{citation}} template.

To disable anchor generation, specify |ref=none (in contrast, other Cite templates such as {{cite book}} and {{cite news}} do not create an anchor by default). You can also specify the ID directly, using the |ref=ID parameter. For example, suppose an article's References section contains the markup:

  • {{Citation |author=Sigmund Freud |title=Civilization and Its Discontents |year=1930 |ref=CivDis}}

which generates the citation:

  • Sigmund Freud (1930)، Civilization and Its Discontents 

Then, the markup "([[#CivDis|Freud 1930]])" generates a parenthetical reference "(Freud 1930)" containing a wikilink to the citation (try clicking on the wikilink).

Anchors for Harvard referencing templates

IDs compatible with Harvard referencing templates such as {{harv}} are computed from the last names of the authors (or editors, if no authors are given) and the year of the cited source. For example, the markup "{{harv|Wright|Evans|1851|p=ix}}" generates the Harvard reference "(Wright & Evans 1851, p. ix)", which wikilinks to the citation whose markup and appearance are shown below:

  • {{Citation |last1=Wright |first1=Thomas |last2=Evans |first2=R. H. |title=Historical and Descriptive Account of the Caricatures of James Gillray |location=London |publisher=Henry G. Bohn |year=1851 |oclc=59510372}}
  • Wright، Thomas؛ Evans، R. H. (1851)، Historical and Descriptive Account of the Caricatures of James Gillray، London: Henry G. Bohn، OCLC 59510372 

In this example the {{citation}} template defines, and the {{harv}} template uses, the HTML ID "CITEREFWrightEvans1851", composed by concatenating the string "CITEREF" with the last names of the authors and the year. The {{harvid}} template can be used to generate such IDs, for example, {{harvid|Wright|Evans|1851}} generates "داڕێژە:Harvid".

Related methods which leave only a number in the text are to use the {{harvnb}} template enclosed in the <ref></ref> html code, or to use the {{sfn}} template alone. The example above would be <ref>{{harvnb|Wright|Evans|1851|p=ix}}</ref> or {{sfn|Wright|Evans|1851|p=ix}} both of which generate a footnote, such as

17. Wright & Evans 1851, p. ix

The names of only the first four authors are used; other author names are not concatenated to the ID. If no author names are given, editor names are used instead.

Last names are used, as specified by the parameters |last1= (or |last=), |last2=, |last3=, and |last4=, and similarly for |editor1-last= etc. and for |inventor1-last= etc. If a full name is given but no last name is specified, this template falls back on the full name, but this usage is not recommended. For example, in "{{Citation | author = Sigmund Freud | title = The Ego and the Id | year = 1923}}" no last name is given, so this citation cannot be combined with the Harvard reference "{{harv|Freud|1923}}". To make these {{citation}} and {{harv}} invocations compatible, either replace "|author=Sigmund Freud" with "|first=Sigmund |last=Freud", or add "|ref={{harvid|Freud|1923}}" to the {{citation}} invocation, or add the same ref parameter (say, "|ref=EgoId") to both the {{citation}} and the {{harv}} invocations.

Similarly, the year is used, as specified by |year=. If no year is given, this template attempts to derive the year from |date= (or, if no date is given, from |publication-date=) by applying the MediaWiki § Time function. This heuristic works with many common date formats (American, International and ISO 8601 standard format YYYY-MM-DD as listed in WP:MOS), but may not work as expected with other formats, so when in doubt it may be safer to use |year=. Note that if only a year, say 2005, is known you must use |year=2005 rather than |date=2005.

IDs must be unique

Names, years, and hand-specified IDs must be chosen so that the IDs are unique within a page; otherwise the HTML will not conform to the W3C standards, and any references to the citations will not work reliably. For example, suppose a page contains the following two citations with {{harv}}-compatible IDs:

If these citations were altered to say "2008" rather than "2008a" and "2008b", the resulting page would not work, because the two different citations would both attempt to use the ID "CITEREFMontesHalterman2008". To avoid this problem, distinguish the citations by appending suffixes to the years, e.g. "|year=2008a" and "|year=2008b", as was done above. Any Harvard references to these citations should use years with the same suffixes.

It is good practice to verify that a page does not contain duplicate IDs by using the W3C Markup Validation Service; see External links.

Dates

ھەڵەی ژێدەرەکان: <ref> tag in <references> has conflicting group attribute "n".

Tools

See Wikipedia:Citing sources § Citation templates and tools for a list of tools that can help create a reference in the "citation" format.

TemplateData

ئەمە بەڵگەنامەی دراوەی داڕێژەیە بۆ ئەم داڕێژە کە لەلایەن دەستکاریکەری دیداری و ئامرازەکانی تر بەکارھاتووە. بڕوانە ڕاپۆرتی ھەڵەی مانگانە بۆ ئەم داڕێژە.

دراوەی داڕێژە بۆ Citation

The Citation template generates a citation for a book, periodical, contribution in a collective work, or a web page. It determines the citation type by examining which parameters are used.

پارامەترەکانی داڕێژە

پارامەتروەسفجۆرڕەوش
Last namelast author author1 authors last1

The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

هێڵپێشنیارکراوە
First namefirst first1

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

هێڵپێشنیارکراوە
title of sourcetitle

Title of source; displays in italics (except that article titles are not italicized but enclosed in quotes)

زنجیرەنووسەپێویستە
date of sourcedate

Full date of source being referenced in the same format as other publication dates in the citations.[1] Do not wikilink. Displays after the authors and enclosed in parentheses. If there is no author, then displays after publisher.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
url of sourceurl

URL of an online location where the text of the publication can be found.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Workwork journal website newspaper magazine encyclopedia encyclopaedia dictionary mailinglist

Name of the work in which the cited title is found

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Volumevolume

For one publication published in several volumes

هێڵپێشنیارکراوە
Issueissue number

Issue number

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Pagepage

Page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'

هێڵدڵخواز
Pagespages

Pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source; displays after 'pp.'

هێڵپێشنیارکراوە
Publication Datepublication-date

Date of publication when different from the date the work was written. Displays only if year or date are defined and only if different, else publication-date is used and displayed as date. Use the same format as other dates in the article; do not wikilink. Follows publisher; if work is not defined, then publication-date is preceded by "published" and enclosed in parenthesis.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Date formatdf

Sets rendered dates to the specified format

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Year of publicationyear

Year of the source being referenced; recommended only when date parameter format is YYYY-MM-DD and a CITEREF disambiguator is needed

ژمارەدڵخواز
Postscriptpostscript

Controls the closing punctuation for a citation; defaults to a period (.); for no terminating punctuation, specify |postscript=none – leaving |postscript= empty is the same as omitting it, but is ambiguous. Ignored if quote is defined.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Editor last nameeditor-last editor editor-surname editor-last1 editor-surname1 editor1 editor1-last editor1-surname editors

The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

نەزانراودڵخواز
Editor first nameeditor-first editor-first1 editor-given1 editor1-first editor1-given

The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

نەزانراودڵخواز
Author Maskauthor-mask authormask

Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text. Set author-mask to a numeric value n to set the dash n em spaces wide; set author-mask to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, "with". You must still include the values for all authors for metadata purposes. Primarily intended for use with bibliographies or bibliography styles where multiple works by a single author are listed sequentially such as shortened footnotes. Do not use in a list generated by {{reflist}}, <references /> or similar as there is no control of the order in which references are displayed. You can also use editor-mask and translator-mask in the same way.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Original yearorig-year origyear

Original year of publication; provide specifics

ژمارەدڵخواز
Translated titletrans-title trans_title

An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

ناوەڕۆکدڵخواز
Translated chapter titletrans-chapter trans_chapter

An English language chapter title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

ناوەڕۆکدڵخواز
Typetype

Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case

ناوەڕۆکدڵخواز
Archive URLarchive-url archiveurl

The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archivedate'

هێڵدڵخواز
Seriesseries version

Series identifier when the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal; alias of 'version'

ناوەڕۆکدڵخواز
periodicalperiodical

بێوەسف

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Atat

May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient

هێڵدڵخواز
No ppnopp

Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover')

هێڵدڵخواز
Chapterchapter

The chapter heading of the source

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
contributioncontribution

بێوەسف

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
chapter-urlchapter-url chapterurl

بێوەسف

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
contribution-urlcontribution-url

بێوەسف

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
chapter-formatchapter-format

بێوەسف

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
othersothers

بێوەسف

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Editionedition

When the publication has more than one edition; for example: '2nd', 'Revised' etc.; suffixed with ' ed.'

هێڵدڵخواز
Location of publicationplace location

Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Place of publicationpublication-place

Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at'

ناوەڕۆکدڵخواز
Publisherpublisher

Name of the publisher; displays after title

ناوەڕۆکدڵخواز
Languagelanguage

The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates

ناوەڕۆکدڵخواز
Formatformat

Format of the work referred to by 'url' ('url' is required when using 'format'); examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

ناوەڕۆکدڵخواز
arXiv identifierarxiv

An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

هێڵدڵخواز
ASINasin ASIN

Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters

هێڵدڵخواز
ASIN TLDasin-tld

ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US

هێڵدڵخواز
Bibcodebibcode

Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters

هێڵدڵخواز
biorXivbiorxiv

biorXiv identifier; 6 digits

هێڵدڵخواز
CiteSeerXciteseerx

CiteSeerX identifier; found after the 'doi=' query parameter

هێڵدڵخواز
DOIdoi DOI

Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
doi_inactivedatedoi_inactivedate

بێوەسف

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
DOI broken datedoi-broken-date

The date that the DOI was determined to be broken

ڕێکەوتدڵخواز
ISBNisbn

International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

هێڵدڵخواز
ISSNissn

International Standard Serial Number (print); 8 characters; usually split into two groups of four using a hyphen

هێڵدڵخواز
eISSNeissn

International Standard Serial Number (online); 8 characters; usually split into two groups of four using a hyphen

هێڵدڵخواز
jfm codejfm

Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

هێڵدڵخواز
JSTORjstor

JSTOR identifier

هێڵدڵخواز
LCCNlccn

Library of Congress Control Number

هێڵدڵخواز
MRmr

Mathematical Reviews identifier

هێڵدڵخواز
OCLCoclc

Online Computer Library Center number

ژمارەدڵخواز
OLol

Open Library identifier

هێڵدڵخواز
OSTIosti

Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

هێڵدڵخواز
PMCpmc

PubMed Center article number

ژمارەدڵخواز
PMIDpmid

PubMed Unique Identifier

هێڵدڵخواز
RFCrfc

Request for Comments number

ژمارەدڵخواز
SSRNssrn

Social Science Research Network

هێڵدڵخواز
Zblzbl

Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier

هێڵدڵخواز
idid

A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

هێڵدڵخواز
Quotequote

Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; needs to include terminating punctuation

ناوەڕۆکدڵخواز
Refref

An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv and sfn templates

هێڵدڵخواز
URL access dateaccess-date accessdate

The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink

ڕێکەوتدڵخواز
Lay URLlaysummary layurl lay-url

URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source

هێڵدڵخواز
Lay sourcelay-source laysource

Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Lay datelay-date laydate

Date of the summary; displays in parentheses

ڕێکەوتدڵخواز
Author name separatorauthor-name-separator

Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space; a space must be encoded as &#32;

بنچینەیی
,
هێڵدڵخواز
Last author ampersandlast-author-amp lastauthoramp

When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space'

Booleanدڵخواز
Display authorsdisplayauthors display-authors

number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used;

ژمارەدڵخواز
Archive datearchive-date archivedate

Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink

ڕێکەوتدڵخواز
Last name 2last2 author2 surname2

The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'.

هێڵدڵخواز
First name 2first2 given2

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink.

هێڵدڵخواز
Last name 3last3 author3 surname3

The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink3'.

هێڵدڵخواز
First name 3first3 given3

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink.

هێڵدڵخواز
Last name 4last4 author4 surname4

The surname of the forth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink4'.

هێڵدڵخواز
First name 4first4 given4

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the forth author; don't wikilink.

هێڵدڵخواز
Last name 5last5 author5 surname5

The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink5'.

هێڵدڵخواز
First name 5first5 given5

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink.

هێڵدڵخواز
Last name 6last6 author6 surname6

The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink6'.

هێڵدڵخواز
First name 6first6

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink.

هێڵدڵخواز
Last name 7last7 author7 surname7

The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink7'.

هێڵدڵخواز
First name 7first7 given7

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink.

هێڵدڵخواز
Last name 8last8 author8 surname8

The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink8'.

هێڵدڵخواز
First name 8first8 given8

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink.

هێڵدڵخواز
Last name 9last9 author9 surname9

The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author.

هێڵدڵخواز
First name 9first9 given9

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink.

هێڵدڵخواز
Author linkauthor-link authorlink author1-link authorlink1

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

پەڕەدڵخواز
Author link 2author-link2 author2-link authorlink2

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author.

پەڕەدڵخواز
Author link 3author-link3 author3-link authorlink3

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author.

پەڕەدڵخواز
Author link 4author-link4 author4-link authorlink4

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the forth author.

پەڕەدڵخواز
Author link 5author-link5 author5-link authorlink5

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

پەڕەدڵخواز
Author link 6author-link6 author6-link authorlink6

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

پەڕەدڵخواز
Author link 7author-link7 author7-link authorlink7

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author.

پەڕەدڵخواز
Author link 8author-link8 author8-link authorlink8

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author.

پەڕەدڵخواز
Author link 9author-link9 author9-link authorlink9

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author.

پەڕەدڵخواز
Editor last name 2editor2-last editor2

The surname of the second editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor2-link'.

هێڵدڵخواز
Editor first name 2editor2-first editor2-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second editor; don't wikilink.

هێڵدڵخواز
Editor last name 3editor3-last editor3

The surname of the third editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor3-link'.

هێڵدڵخواز
Editor first name 3editor3-first editor3-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third editor; don't wikilink.

هێڵدڵخواز
Editor last name 4editor4-last editor4

The surname of the fourth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor4-link'.

هێڵدڵخواز
Editor first name 4editor4-first editor4-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth editor; don't wikilink.

هێڵدڵخواز
Editor last name 5editor5-last editor5

The surname of the fifth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor5-link'.

هێڵدڵخواز
Editor first name 5editor5-first editor5-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth editor; don't wikilink.

هێڵدڵخواز
Editor last name 6editor6-last editor6

The surname of the sixth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor6-link'.

هێڵدڵخواز
Editor first name 6editor6-first editor6-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth editor; don't wikilink.

هێڵدڵخواز
Editor last name 7editor7-last editor7

The surname of the seventh editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor7-link'.

هێڵدڵخواز
Editor first name 7editor7-first editor7-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh editor; don't wikilink.

هێڵدڵخواز
Editor last name 8editor8-last editor8

The surname of the eighth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor8-link'.

هێڵدڵخواز
Editor first name 8editor8-first editor8-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth editor; don't wikilink.

هێڵدڵخواز
Editor last name 9editor9-last editor9

The surname of the ninth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor9-link'.

هێڵدڵخواز
Editor first name 9editor9-first editor9-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth editor; don't wikilink.

هێڵدڵخواز
editor-linkeditor-link

بێوەسف

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
editor1-linkeditor1-link

بێوەسف

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
editor2-linkeditor2-link

بێوەسف

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
editor3-linkeditor3-link

بێوەسف

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
editor4-linkeditor4-link

بێوەسف

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Translator last nametranslator-last translator translator-last1 translator1 translator1-last

The surname of the translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional translators.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Translator first nametranslator-first translator1-first translator-first1

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional translators.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Translator linktranslator-link translator-link1 translator1-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the translator; can suffix with a numeral to add additional translators.

پەڕەدڵخواز
Translator last name 2translator-last2 translator2 translator2-last

The surname of the second translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Translator first name 2translator-first2 translator2-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Translator last name 3translator-last3 translator3 translator3-last

The surname of the third translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Translator first name 3translator-first3 translator3-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Translator last name 4translator-last4 translator4 translator4-last

The surname of the fourth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Translator first name 4translator-first4 translator4-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Translator last name 5translator-last5 translator5 translator5-last

The surname of the fifth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Translator first name 5translator-first5 translator5-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Translator last name 6translator-last6 translator6 translator6-last

The surname of the sixth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Translator first name 6translator-first6 translator6-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Translator last name 7translator-last7 translator7 translator7-last

The surname of the seventh translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Translator first name 7translator-first7 translator7-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Translator last name 8translator-last8 translator8 translator8-last

The surname of the eighth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Translator first name 8translator-first8 translator8-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Translator last name 9translator-last9 translator9 translator9-last

The surname of the ninth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Translator first name 9translator-first9 translator9-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Translator link 2translator-link2 translator2-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second translator.

پەڕەدڵخواز
Translator link 3translator-link3 translator3-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third translator.

پەڕەدڵخواز
Translator link 4translator-link4 translator4-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth translator.

پەڕەدڵخواز
Translator link 5translator-link5 translator5-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fifth translator.

پەڕەدڵخواز
Translator link 6translator-link6 translator6-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth translator.

پەڕەدڵخواز
Translator link 7translator-link7 translator7-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh translator.

پەڕەدڵخواز
Translator link 8translator-link8 translator8-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth translator.

پەڕەدڵخواز
Translator link 9translator-link9 translator9-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth translator.

پەڕەدڵخواز

This template produces COinS metadata; see COinS in Wikipedia for background information.

See also

Notes


ھەڵەی ژێدەرەکان: <ref> tags exist for a group named "n", but no corresponding <references group="n"/> tag was found