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داڕێژە:Cite book

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This Citation Style 1 template is used to create citations for books.

When citing an article in a periodical, use {{cite journal}}. For edited collections, use {{cite encyclopedia}}.

Usage

Copy a blank version to use. All parameter names must be in lowercase. Use the "|" (pipe) character between each parameter. Delete unused parameters to avoid clutter in the edit window. Some samples may include the current date. If the date is not current, then purge the page.


Full parameter set in horizontal format
{{cite book |last1= |first1= |authorlink1= |last2= |first2= |authorlink2= |editor1-first= |editor1-last= |editor1-link= |others= |title= |trans_title= |url= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |format= |accessdate= |type= |edition= |series= |volume= |date= |year= |month= |origyear= |publisher= |location= |language= |isbn= |oclc= |doi= |id= |page= |pages= |at= |trans_chapter= |chapter= |chapterurl= |quote= |ref= |bibcode= |laysummary= |laydate= |author-mask= |author-name-separator= |author-separator= |display-authors= |separator= |postscript= |lastauthoramp=}}
Most commonly used parameters in horizontal format
{{cite book |last= |first= |authorlink= |title= |url= |accessdate= |year= |publisher= |location= |isbn= |page= |pages=}}
Full parameter set in vertical format
Vertical list Prerequisites Brief instructions / notes
{{cite book
| last                  =
| first                 =
| authorlink            =
| last[n]               =
| first[n]              =
| authorlink[n]         =
| editor-last           =
| editor-first          =
| editor-link           =
| editor[n]-last        =
| editor[n]-first       =
| editor[n]-link        =
| others                =
| title                 =
| trans_title           =
| url                   =
| archiveurl            =
| archivedate           =
| format                =
| accessdate            =
| type                  =
| edition               =
| series                =
| volume                =
| date                  =
| origyear              =
| year                  =
| month                 =
| publisher             =
| location              =
| language              =
| isbn                  =
| oclc                  =
| lccn                  =
| doi                   =
| bibcode               =
| id                    =
| page                  =
| pages                 =
| nopp                  =
| at                    =
| chapter               =
| trans_chapter         =
| chapterurl            =
| quote                 =
| ref                   =
| laysummary            =
| laydate               =
| author-mask           =
| author-name-separator =
| author-separator      =
| display-authors       =
| separator             =
| postscript            =
| lastauthoramp         =
}}
 
 
last
last
last[n-1] for n>1
last[n]
last[n]
 
editor-last
editor-last
editor[n-1]-last for n>1
editor[n]-last
editor[n]-last
 
 
 
 
 
archiveurl
url
url
 
 
 
 
 
year or date
 
year
 
publisher
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
page or pages
 
 
 
chapter
 
 
 
laysummary
 
 
 
 
 
 
last[n] for n>1
 
 
same as last1
same as first1
same as authorlink1
[n] = 1 through 9
[n] = 1 through 9
[n] = 1 through 9
same as editor and editor1-last
same as editor1-first
same as editor1-link
[n] = 1 through 4
[n] = 1 through 4
[n] = 1 through 4
 
 
 
insert URL of online version of the book or an extract, if available
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
†preferred (no wikilink)
 
alternative to date
 
 
 
 
always include ISBN if one has been assigned
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
hides automatic 'p' or 'pp'.
alternative to page/pages when those are used with nopp
‡(no wikilink). Synonymous with "contribution".
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  • If a field name is listed in the Prerequisites column it is a prerequisite for the field to the left.


† This is the preferred parameter with its alternates listed below.

‡ If |chapterurl= is provided then |chapter= cannot have wikilinks.

Examples

Title

  • {{cite book |title=Mysterious book}}
Mysterious Book. 

Title and year

  • {{cite book |title=Mysterious book |year=1901}}
Mysterious Book. 1901. 

Basic usage (single author)

  • {{cite book |last=Bloggs |first=Joe |authorlink=Joe Bloggs |year=1974 |title=Book of Bloggs}}
Bloggs، Joe (1974). Book of Bloggs. 

Basic usage (two authors)

  • {{cite book |last1=Bloggs |first1=Joe |authorlink1=Joe Bloggs |last2=Bloggs |first2=Fred |authorlink2=Fred Bloggs |year=1974 |title=Book of Bloggs}}:
Bloggs، Joe؛ Bloggs، Fred (1974). Book of Bloggs. 

Basic usage with url (and accessdate) and edition

  • {{cite book |last=Bloggs |first=Joe |authorlink=Joe Bloggs |year=1974 |title=Book of Bloggs |edition=1st |url=http://en.wikipedia.org/ |accessdate=February 17, 2006}}
Bloggs، Joe (1974). Book of Bloggs (وەشانی 1st). لە ڕێکەوتی February 17, 2006 ھێنراوە. 

Citing a chapter in a book with different authors for different chapters and an editor

  • {{cite book |last=Bloggs |first=Fred |editor-first=John |editor-last=Doe |title=Big Compilation Book with Many Chapters and Distinct Chapter Authors |publisher=Book Publishers |date=January 1, 2001 |pages=100–110 |chapter=Chapter 2: The History of the Bloggs Family |isbn=1234567890}}
Bloggs، Fred (January 1, 2001). "Chapter 2: The History of the Bloggs Family". In Doe، John. Big Compilation Book with Many Chapters and Distinct Chapter Authors. Book Publishers. پەڕەکان 100–110. ISBN 1234567890 دڵنیابەرەوە لە دروستیی بەھای |isbn= بەھا: checksum (یارمەتی). 

Citing a chapter in a book with two joint authors and an editor

  • {{cite book |last1=Bloggs |first1=Joe |last2=Egg |first2=Fred |editor-last=Doe |editor-first=John |title=Big Book with Many Chapters and Two Co-authors |publisher=Book Publishers |date=January 1, 2001 |origyear=1st. Pub. 1986 |pages=100–110 |chapter=Chapter 6: Getting There |chapterurl=http://en.wikipedia.org/ |isbn=1234567890 |lastauthoramp=y}}
Bloggs، Joe & Egg، Fred (January 1, 2001) [1st. Pub. 1986]. "Chapter 6: Getting There". In Doe، John. Big Book with Many Chapters and Two Co-authors. Book Publishers. پەڕەکان 100–110. ISBN 1234567890 دڵنیابەرەوە لە دروستیی بەھای |isbn= بەھا: checksum (یارمەتی). 

Three authors, title with a piped wikilink, edition

  • {{cite book |last1=Bloggs |first1=Joe |authorlink1=Joe Bloggs |first2=John |last2=Smith |first3=Jim |last3=Smythe |title=[[A Thousand Acres|1000 Acres]] |edition=2nd}}
Bloggs، Joe؛ Smith، John؛ Smythe، Jim. 1000 Acres (وەشانی 2nd). 

Complex usage showing effect of using volume parameter and lastauthoramp parameter (without volume and lastauthoramp)

  • {{cite book |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |last1=Playfair |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |first2=Commander G.M.S |last2=Stitt |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last3=Molony |first4=Air Vice-Marshal S.E. |last4=Toomer |editor-first=J.R.M |editor-last=Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=Mediterranean and Middle East. Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |year=2007 |origyear=1st. pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-65-3}}
Playfair، Major-General I.S.O.؛ Stitt، Commander G.M.S؛ Molony، Brigadier C.J.C.؛ Toomer، Air Vice-Marshal S.E. (2007) [1st. pub. HMSO:1954]. دەستکاریکەر: Butler، J.R.M. Mediterranean and Middle East. Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-65-3. 

Complex usage showing effect of using volume parameter and lastauthoramp parameter (with volume and lastauthoramp)

  • {{cite book |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |last1=Playfair |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |first2=Commander G.M.S |last2=Stitt |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last3=Molony |first4=Air Vice-Marshal S.E. |last4=Toomer |editor-first=J.R.M |editor-last=Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=Mediterranean and Middle East |volume=Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |year=2007 |origyear=1st. pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-65-3 |lastauthoramp=y}}
Playfair، Major-General I.S.O.؛ Stitt، Commander G.M.S؛ Molony، Brigadier C.J.C. & Toomer، Air Vice-Marshal S.E. (2007) [1st. pub. HMSO:1954]. دەستکاریکەر: Butler، J.R.M. Mediterranean and Middle East. History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941). Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-65-3. 

Date without day, wikilinked title and publisher, pages, edition, location

  • {{cite book |last1=Cordell |first1=Bruce R. |last2=Grubb |first2=Jeff |last3=Noonan |first3=David |year=2001 |month=September |title=[[Manual of the Planes]] |edition=3rd |publisher=[[Wizards of the Coast]] |location=Renton, Wash. |isbn=0-7869-1850-0 |pages=134–137}}
Cordell، Bruce R.؛ Grubb، Jeff؛ Noonan، David (2001). Manual of the Planes (وەشانی 3rd). Renton, Wash.: Wizards of the Coast. پەڕەکان 134–137. ISBN 0-7869-1850-0. 

Other language

  • {{cite book |last=Bloggs |first=Jean |year=1974 |title=Livre de Bloggs |edition=1st |language=French |trans_title=Book of Bloggs |url=http://en.wikipedia.org/ |accessdate=February 17, 2006}}
Bloggs، Jean (1974). Livre de Bloggs [Book of Bloggs] (بە زمانی French) (وەشانی 1st). لە ڕێکەوتی February 17, 2006 ھێنراوە. 

Using a DOI

  • {{cite book |last=Mumford |first=David |authorlink=David Mumford |year=1999 |title=The Red Book of Varieties and Schemes: Includes the Michigan Lectures (1974) on Curves and Their Jacobians |edition=2nd |publisher=[[Springer-Verlag]] |doi=10.1007/b62130 |isbn=354063293X}}
Mumford، David (1999). The Red Book of Varieties and Schemes: Includes the Michigan Lectures (1974) on Curves and Their Jacobians (وەشانی 2nd). Springer-Verlag. ISBN 354063293X. doi:10.1007/b62130. 

Using author-mask parameter

  • {{cite book |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |last1=Playfair |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Stitt |first2=Commander G.M.S |last3=Molony |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last4=Toomer |first4=Air Vice-Marshal S.E. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=J.R.M |editor-link=James Ramsay Montagu Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=Mediterranean and Middle East Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |year=2004 |origyear=1st. pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-65-3 |lastauthoramp=y}}
  • {{cite book |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |last1=Playfair |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Flynn |first2=Captain F.C. (R.N.) |last3=Molony |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last4=Toomer |first4=Air Vice-Marshal S.E. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=J.R.M |editor-link=James Ramsay Montagu Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume II: The Germans come to the help of their Ally (1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |year=2004 |origyear=1st. pub. [[HMSO]]:1956 |isbn=1-845740-66-1 |lastauthoramp=y |author-mask=2}}
  • {{cite book |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |last1=Playfair |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Flynn |first2=Captain F.C. (R.N.) |last3=Molony |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last4=Gleave |first4=Group Captain T.P. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=Sir James |editor-link=James Ramsay Montagu Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume III: British Fortunes reach their Lowest Ebb (September 1941 to September 1942) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |year=2004 |origyear=1st. pub. [[HMSO]]:1960 |isbn=1-845740-67-X |lastauthoramp=y |author-mask=2}}
Playfair، Major-General I.S.O.؛ Stitt، Commander G.M.S؛ Molony، Brigadier C.J.C. & Toomer، Air Vice-Marshal S.E. (2004) [1st. pub. HMSO:1954]. دەستکاریکەر: Butler، J.R.M. Mediterranean and Middle East Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-65-3. 
——؛ Flynn، Captain F.C. (R.N.)؛ Molony، Brigadier C.J.C. & Toomer، Air Vice-Marshal S.E. (2004) [1st. pub. HMSO:1956]. دەستکاریکەر: Butler، J.R.M. The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume II: The Germans Come to the Help of Their Ally (1941). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-66-1. 
——؛ Flynn، Captain F.C. (R.N.)؛ Molony، Brigadier C.J.C. & Gleave، Group Captain T.P. (2004) [1st. pub. HMSO:1960]. دەستکاریکەر: Butler، Sir James. The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume III: British Fortunes Reach Their Lowest Ebb (September 1941 to September 1942). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-67-X. 

Using display-authors parameter

  • {{cite book |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |last1=Playfair |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Stitt |first2=Commander G.M.S |last3=Molony |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last4=Toomer |first4=Air Vice-Marshal S.E. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=J.R.M |editor-link=James Ramsay Montagu Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=Mediterranean and Middle East Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |year=2004 |origyear=1st. pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-65-3 |display-authors=1}}
Playfair، Major-General I.S.O.؛ و ھی تر. (2004) [1st. pub. HMSO:1954]. دەستکاریکەر: Butler، J.R.M. Mediterranean and Middle East Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-65-3. 

Parameters

Syntax

Nested parameters rely on their parent parameters:

  • parent
  • OR: parent2—may be used instead of parent
    • child—may be used with parent (and is ignored if parent is not used)
    • OR: child2—may be used instead of child (and is ignored if parent2 is not used)
Where aliases are listed, only one of the parameters may be defined; if multiple aliased parameters are defined, then only one will show.


This template embeds COinS metadata in the HTML output, allowing reference management software to retrieve bibliographic metadata. See: Wikipedia:COinS. As a general rule, only one data item per parameter. Do not include explanatory or alternate text:

  • Use |date=27 September 2007 not |date=27 September 2007 (print version 25 September)

Use of templates within the citation template, is generally discouraged as many of these templates will add a lot of extraneous HTML or CSS that will be rendered in the metadata.

COinS metadata is created for these parameters:

  • |periodical=, |journal=, |newspaper=, |magazine=, |work=, |website=, |encyclopedia=, |encyclopaedia=, |dictionary=
  • |chapter=, |contribution=, |entry=, |article=, |section=
  • |title=
  • |publicationplace=, |publication-place=
  • |date=, |year=, |publicationdate=, |publication-date=
  • |series=
  • |volume=
  • |issue=, |number=
  • |page=, |pages=, |at=
  • |edition=
  • |publisher=, |distributor=, |institution=
  • |url=
  • |chapterurl=, |chapter-url=, |contributionurl=, |contribution-url=, |sectionurl=
  • |author#=, |Author#=, |authors#=, |author#-last=, |author-last#=, |last#=, |surname#=
  • any of the identifiers (|isbn=, |issn=, |doi=, |pmc=, etc)


By default, sets of fields are terminated with a period (.). This can be an issue when the last field uses an abbreviation or initial that ends with a period, as then two periods will display (..). The only solution is to not include the last period in the value for the set of fields.


Deprecated

The following parameters are deprecated and will no longer work. Their use will place the page into Category:Pages containing cite templates with deprecated parameters:

  • access-date · accessday · accessdaymonth · accessed · accessmonth · accessmonthday · accessyear: Use accessdate to include the full date of access.
  • day: Use date to include the day, month and year.
  • dateformat · doilabel: These parameters are no longer supported.


Description

Authors

  • last: Surname of author. Do not wikilink—use authorlink instead. Where the surname is usually written first—as in Chinese—or for corporate authors, simply use last to include the same format as the source. Aliases: last1, author, authors, author1.
    • first: Given or first names of author, including title(s); for example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use authorlink instead. Aliases: first1.
    • OR: for multiple authors, use last1, first1 through last9, first9 for up to nine authors. By default, if nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and "et al." will show in place of the last author. See the display parameters to change. Aliases: author1 through author9.
  • authorlink: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author—not the author's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: authorlink1, author-link, author1-link, author1link.
  • OR: for multiple authors, use authorlink1 through authorlink9. Aliases: author1-link through author9-link.
  • coauthors: (deprecated) Names of coauthors. Requires author, authors, or lastn Include coauthors in authors or use separate authorn or lastn/firstn to list coauthors.
  • others: To record other contributors to the work, such as Illustrated by John Smith or Translated by John Smith.
When using shortened footnotes or parenthetical referencing styles with templates, do not use multiple names in one field or else the anchor will not match the inline link.

Title

  • title: Title of source. Can be wikilinked to an existing Wikipedia article or url may be used to add an external link, but not both. Displays in italics.
    • trans_title: English translation of the title if the source cited is in a foreign language. Displays in square brackets after title; if url is defined, then trans_title is included in the link. Use of the language parameter is recommended.
Titles containing certain characters will display and link incorrectly unless those characters are encoded.
newline [ ] |
space [ ] |


  • type: Provides additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case. Displays in parentheses following the title. Examples: Thesis, Booklet, CD liner, Press release.


  • chapter: The chapter heading of the source. May be wikilinked or may use chapter-url, but not both. Displays in quotes.
    • trans_chapter: English translation of the chapter heading, if the source cited is in a foreign language. Displays in square brackets after the chapter field; if chapter-url is defined, then trans_chapter is included in the link. Use of the language parameter is recommended.


  • language: The language the source is written in, if not English. Displays in parentheses with "in" before the language name. Use the full language name; do not use icons or templates.

Date

  • date: Date of source being referenced. Can be full date (day, month, and year) or partial date (month and year, year). Use same format as other publication dates in the citations.[١] Required when year is used to disambiguate {{sfn}} links to multiple-work citations by the same author in the same year.[more]. Do not wikilink. Displays after the authors and is enclosed in parentheses. If there is no author, then displays after publisher.
  • OR:
    • year: Year of source being referenced. Required with some types of {{sfn}} citations;[more] otherwise use date.
    • month: Name of the month or season of publication. If you also have the day, use date instead. Do not wikilink.
    • origyear: Original publication year; displays after the date or year. For clarity, please supply specifics. For example: |origyear=First published 1859 or |origyear=Composed 1904.
  1. ^ Publication dates in references within an article should all have the same format. See: MOS:DATEUNIFY.


Publisher

  • publisher: Name of publisher; may be wikilinked if relevant. Not normally included for periodicals. Corporate designations such as "Ltd", "Inc" or "GmbH" are not usually included. Displays after title; if work is defined, then publisher is enclosed in parentheses.
  • place: Geographical place of publication; generally not wikilinked; omit when the name of the work includes the location; examples: The Boston Globe, The Times of India. Displays after the title; if work is defined, then location is enclosed in parentheses. Alias: location
  • publication-place: If any one of publication-place, place or location are defined, then the location shows after the title; if publication-place and place or location are defined, then place or location are shown before the title prefixed with "written at" and publication-place is shown after the title.
  • publication-date: Date of publication when different from the date the work was written. Displays only if year or date are defined and only if different, else publication-date is used and displayed as date. Use the same format as other dates in the article; do not wikilink. Follows publisher; if work is not defined, then publication-date is preceded by "published" and enclosed in parenthesis.


Edition, series, volume

  • edition: When the publication has more than one edition; for example: "2nd", "Revised" etc. Displays " ed." after this field, so |edition=2nd produces "2nd ed." Does not display if a periodical field is defined.


  • series or version: When the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal where the issue numbering has restarted.


  • volume: For one publication published in several volumes. Displays after the title and series fields; displays in bold— if bolding is not desired, then include the volume information in the title field.


In-source locations

  • page: Page in the source that supports the content. Displays preceded with p. unless |nopp=y.
  • OR: pages: Pages in the source that supports the content; separate page ranges with an en dash (–); separate non-sequential pages with a comma (,); do not use to indicate the total number of pages in the source. Displays preceded with pp. unless |nopp=y.
    • nopp: Set to y to suppress the p. or pp. notations where this is inappropriate; for example, where |page=Front cover.
  • OR: at: For sources where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient. Overridden by |page= or |pages=.
Examples: page (p.) or pages (pp.); section (sec.), column (col.), paragraph (para.); track; hours, minutes and seconds; act, scene, canto, book, part, folio, stanza, back cover, liner notes, indicia, colophon, dust jacket, verse.


URL

  • url: URL of an online location where the text of the publication can be found. Cannot be used if title is wikilinked. If applicable, the link may point to the specific page(s) referenced. Do not link to any commercial booksellers, such as Amazon.com. See: WP:PAGELINKS.
    • accessdate: Full date when original URL was accessed; use the same format as other access and archive dates in the citations.[١] Do not wikilink. Not required for web pages or linked documents that do not change; mainly for use of web pages that change frequently or have no publication date. Can be hidden or styled by registered editors.
    • archiveurl: The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the url becomes unavailable. Typically used to refer to services like WebCite (see: Wikipedia:Using WebCite) and Internet Archive (see: Wikipedia:Using the Wayback Machine); requires archivedate.
      • archivedate: Date when the original URL was archived; preceded by default text "archived from the original on". Use the same format as other access and archive dates in the citations.[١] Do not wikilink.
      • deadurl: When the URL is still live, but preemptively archived, then set |deadurl=no. This changes the display order with the title retaining the original link and the archive linked at the end.
    • template doc demo: The archive parameters will be error checked to ensure that all the required parameters are included, or else {{citation error}} is invoked. With errors, main, help and template pages are placed into Category:Articles with incorrect citation syntax. Set |template doc demo=true to disable categorization; mainly used for documentation where the error is demonstrated.
  • format: Format of the work referred to by url; for example: PDF, DOC, or XLS; displayed in parentheses after title. HTML is implied and should not be specified. Does not change the external link icon. Note: External link icons do not include alt text; thus, they do not add format information for the visually impaired.
URLs must begin with a supported URI scheme. http:// and https:// will be supported by all browsers; however, ftp://, gopher://, irc://, ircs://, mailto: and news: will require a plug-in or an external application and should normally be avoided. IPv6 host-names are currently not supported.
If URLs in citation template parameters contain certain characters, then they will not display and link correctly. Those characters need to be percent-encoded. For example, a space must be replaced by %20. To encode the URL, replace the following characters with:
sp " ' < > [ ] | }
%20 %22 %27 %3c %3e %5b %5d %7c %7d
Single apostrophes do not need to be encoded; however, unencoded multiples will be parsed as italic or bold markup. Single curly closing braces also do not need to be encoded; however, an unencoded pair will be parsed as the double closing braces for the template transclusion.
  1. ^ a b Accessdate and archivedate in references should all have the same format – either the format used for publication dates, or YYYY-MM-DD. See: MOS:DATEUNIFY.


Anchor


Identifiers

  • id: A unique identifier, used where none of the specialized identifiers are applicable; wikilink or use a template as applicable.

These identifiers create links and are designed to accept a single value. Using multiple values or other text will break the link and/or invalidate the identifier.


Quote

  • quote: Relevant text quoted from the source. Displays enclosed in quotes. When supplied, the citation terminator (a period by default) is suppressed, so the quote needs to include terminating punctuation.


Editors

  • editor-last: Surname of editor. Do not wikilink—use editor-link instead. Where the surname is usually written first—as in Chinese—or for corporate authors, simply use editor-last to include the same format as the source. Aliases: editor1-last, editor, editors.
    • editor-first: Given or first names of editor, including title(s); example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use editor-link instead. Aliases: editor1-first.
    • OR: for multiple editors, use editor1-last, editor1-first through editor4-last, editor4-first for up to four editors.
  • editor-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor—not the editor's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: editor1-link.
  • OR: for multiple editors, use editor1-link through editor4-link.
Display:
If authors: Authors are first, followed by the editors and the included work, then the main work.
If no authors: Editors appear before the included work; a single editor is followed by "ed."; multiple editors are followed by "eds."; more than three editors will be followed by "et al., eds."


Laysummary

  • laysummary: URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; the URL title is set to "Lay summary".
    • laysource: Name of the source of the laysummary. Displays in italics and preceded by an endash.
    • laydate: Date of the summary. Displays in parentheses.


Display options

  • author-mask: Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text. Set author-mask to a numeric value n to set the dash n em spaces wide; set author-mask to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, "with". You must still include the values for all authors for metadata purposes. Primarily intended for use with bibliography styles where multiple works by a single author are listed sequentially. Do not use in a list generated by {{reflist}}, <references /> or similar as there is no control of the order in which references are displayed.
  • author-name-separator: Controls the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space (, ); if the parameter is present, but blank, no separator punctuation will be used; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk (*), colon (:) or hash (#) as they will be interpreted as wikimarkup.
  • author-separator: Controls the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space (; ); if the parameter is present, but blank, no separator punctuation will be used; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk (*), colon (:) or hash (#) as they will be interpreted as wikimarkup.
  • display-authors: Controls the number of author names that are displayed when a citation is published. To control the displayed number of author names, set display-authors to the desired number. For example, |display-authors=2 will display only the first two authors in a citation. By default, the only the first eight cited authors are displayed; subsequent authors beyond eight are represented in the published citation by "et al." If a citation contains nine author names and one wishes all nine author names to display, "et al." may be suppressed by setting |display-authors=9. Aliases: displayauthors.
  • lastauthoramp: Switches the separator between the last two names of the author list to space ampersand space ( & ) when set to any value. Example: |lastauthoramp=yes
  • postscript: Controls the closing punctuation for a citation; defaults to a period (.); if the parameter is present, but blank, no terminating punctuation will be used. Ignored if quote is defined.
  • separator: Controls the punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc. Defaults to a period (.); if the parameter is present, but blank, no separator punctuation will be used; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk (*), colon (:) or hash (#) as they will be interpreted as wikimarkup.

TemplateData

This is the TemplateData documentation for the template used by the new VisualEditor.

Cite book

This template formats a citation to a book using the provided bibliographic information (such as author and title) as well as various formatting options.

پارامەترەکانی داڕێژە

پارامەتروەسفجۆرڕەوش
URLurlURL

The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Titletitle

The title of the book; displays in italics

زنجیرەنووسەپێویستە
Last namelast last1author author1 authors

The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

نەزانراوپێشنیارکراوە
First namefirstfirst1

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

نەزانراوپێشنیارکراوە
Last name 2last2author2

The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

نەزانراودڵخواز
First name 2first2

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

نەزانراودڵخواز
Last name 3last3author3

The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink3'.

نەزانراودڵخواز
First name 3first3

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink.

نەزانراودڵخواز
Last name 4last4author4

The surname of the fourth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink4'.

نەزانراودڵخواز
First name 4first4

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth author; don't wikilink.

نەزانراودڵخواز
Last name 5last5author5

The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink5'.

نەزانراودڵخواز
First name 5first5

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink.

نەزانراودڵخواز
Last name 6last6author6

The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink6'.

نەزانراودڵخواز
First name 6first6

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink.

نەزانراودڵخواز
Last name 7last7author7

The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink7'.

نەزانراودڵخواز
First name 7first7

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink.

نەزانراودڵخواز
Last name 8last8author8

The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink8'.

نەزانراودڵخواز
First name 8first8

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink.

نەزانراودڵخواز
Last name 9last9author9

The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author.

نەزانراودڵخواز
First name 9first9

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink.

نەزانراودڵخواز
datedate

Full date of the source; do not wikilink

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Workwork

Name of the work in which the cited book text is found

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Publisherpublisher

Name of the publisher; displays after title

زنجیرەنووسەپێشنیارکراوە
Othersothers

Used to record other contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith'

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Year of publicationyear

Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known

زنجیرەنووسەپێشنیارکراوە
ISBNisbn

International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

زنجیرەنووسەپێشنیارکراوە
Editor last nameeditor-lasteditor editor-last1 editors

The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

نەزانراودڵخواز
Editor first nameeditor-firsteditor-first1

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

نەزانراودڵخواز
Link for editoreditor-linkeditor1-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor

پەڕەدڵخواز
Editionedition

When the publication has more than one edition; for example: '2nd', 'Revised' etc.; suffixed by ' ed.'

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Series identifierseriesversion

Series identifier when the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Volumevolume

For one publication published in several volumes

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Location of publicationlocationplace

Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place

زنجیرەنووسەپێشنیارکراوە
Place of publicationpublication-place

Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at'

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Publication datepublication-date

Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Pagepage

The number of a single page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'; use either page= or pages=, but not both

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Page(s) citedpages

A range of pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source); displays after 'pp.'; use either page= or pages=, but not both

زنجیرەنووسەپێشنیارکراوە
No ppnopp

Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover')

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Atat

May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Languagelanguage

The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Script titlescript-title

For titles in languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Hebrew, Japanese, etc). Prefix with two-character ISO639-1 language code followed by a colon. For Japanese use: |script-title=ja:...

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Translated titletrans-title

An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Chapterchapter

The chapter heading of the source; may be wikilinked or with 'chapterurl' but not both

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Translated chaptertrans-chapter

An English language chapter heading, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Typetype

Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Formatformat

Format of the work referred to by 'url'; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
arXiv identifierarxiv

An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
ASINasin

Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
ASIN TLDasin-tld

ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Bibcodebibcode

Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
DOIdoi

Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
ISSNissn

International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
jfm codejfm

Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
JSTORjstor

JSTOR identifier

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
LCCNlccn

Library of Congress Control Number

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
MRmr

Mathematical Reviews identifier

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
OCLCoclc

Online Computer Library Center number

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
OLol

Open Library identifier; do not include "OL" at beginning of identifier

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
OSTIosti

Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
PMCpmc

PubMed Center article number

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
PMIDpmid

PubMed Unique Identifier

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
RFCrfc

Request for Comments number

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
SSRNssrn

Social Science Research Network

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Zblzbl

Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
idid

A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Quotequote

Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; needs to include terminating punctuation

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Refref

An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv and sfn templates

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Name list formatname-list-format

Accepts the single keyword 'vanc' to emulate Vancouver Style author / editor name-lists.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Modemode

Sets separator and terminal punctuation to the style named in the assigned value; allowable values are: 'cs1' or 'cs2'

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Postscriptpostscript

The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined; to suppress use reserved keyword 'none'

بنچینەیی
.
زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Author maskauthor-maskauthormaskauthormask1

Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Author mask 2author-mask2authormask2

Replaces the name of the second author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Author mask 3author-mask3authormask3

Replaces the name of the third author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Author mask 4author-mask4authormask4

Replaces the name of the fourth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Author mask 5author-mask5authormask5

Replaces the name of the fifth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Author mask 6author-mask6authormask6

Replaces the name of the sixth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Author mask 7author-mask7authormask7

Replaces the name of the seventh author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Author mask 8author-mask8authormask8

Replaces the name of the eighth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Author mask 9author-mask9authormask9

Replaces the name of the ninth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Display authorsdisplay-authorsdisplayauthors

number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used

ژمارەدڵخواز
Author linkauthor-linkauthorlink1 authorlink

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

پەڕەدڵخواز
Author link 2author-link2author2-link authorlink2

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

پەڕەدڵخواز
Author link 3author-link3author3-link authorlink3

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author.

پەڕەدڵخواز
Author link 4author-link4author4-link authorlink4

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth author.

پەڕەدڵخواز
Author link 5author-link5author5-link authorlink5

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

پەڕەدڵخواز
Author link 6author-link6author6-link authorlink6

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

پەڕەدڵخواز
Author link 7author-link7author7-link authorlink7

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author.

پەڕەدڵخواز
Author link 8author-link8author8-link authorlink8

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author.

پەڕەدڵخواز
Author link 9author-link9author9-link authorlink9

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author.

پەڕەدڵخواز
URL access dateaccess-dateaccessdate

The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Original yearorig-yearorigyear

Original year of publication; provide specifics

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Last name of second editoreditor-last2editor2-last

The surname of the second editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor2-link'

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
First name of second editoreditor-first2editor2-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor2-link'

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Link for second editoreditor-link2editor2-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second editor

پەڕەدڵخواز
Last name of third editoreditor-last3editor3-last

The surname of the third editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor3-link'

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
First name of third editoreditor-first3editor3-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor3-link'

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Link for third editoreditor-link3editor3-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third editor

پەڕەدڵخواز
Last name of fourth editoreditor-last4editor4-last

The surname of the fourth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor4-link'

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
First name of fourth editoreditor-first4editor4-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor4-link'

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Link for fourth editoreditor-link4editor4-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth editor

پەڕەدڵخواز
Last name of fifth editoreditor-last5editor5-last

The surname of the fifth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor5-link'

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
First name of fifth editoreditor-first5editor5-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor5-link'

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Link for fifth editoreditor-link5editor5-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fifth editor

پەڕەدڵخواز
Last name of sixth editoreditor-last6editor6-last

The surname of the sixth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor6-link'

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
First name of sixth editoreditor-first6editor6-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor6-link'

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Link for sixth editoreditor-link6editor6-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth editor

پەڕەدڵخواز
Last name of seventh editoreditor-last7editor7-last

The surname of the seventh editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor7-link'

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
First name of seventh editoreditor-first7editor7-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor7-link'

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Link for seventh editoreditor-link7editor7-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh editor

پەڕەدڵخواز
Last name of eighth editoreditor-last8editor8-last

The surname of the eighth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor8-link'

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
First name of eighth editoreditor-first8editor8-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor8-link'

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Link for eighth editoreditor-link8editor8-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth editor

پەڕەدڵخواز
Last name of ninth editoreditor-last9editor9-last

The surname of the ninth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor9-link'

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
First name of ninth editoreditor-first9editor9-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor9-link'

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Link for ninth editoreditor-link9editor9-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth editor

پەڕەدڵخواز
Chapter URLchapter-urlchapterurl

The URL of the online location where the text of the chapter can be found

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
DOI broken datedoi-broken-datedoi_brokendate

The date that the DOI was determined to be broken

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Archive URLarchive-urlarchiveurl

The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archivedate'

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Archive datearchive-datearchivedate

Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Dead URLdead-urldeadurl

If set to 'no', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Lay URLlay-urllaysummary layurl

URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Lay sourcelay-sourcelaysource

Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Lay datelay-datelaydate

Date of the summary; displays in parentheses

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Last author ampersandlast-author-amplastauthoramp

When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space'

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز


Testing

See Template:cite book/regression tests.

This template produces COinS metadata; see COinS in Wikipedia for background information.