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داڕێژە:Cite book

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Citation Style 1 templates
{{Cite arXiv}}arXiv preprints
{{Cite AV media}}audio and visual
{{Cite AV media notes}}audio and visual liner notes
{{Cite bioRxiv}}bioRxiv preprints
{{Cite book}}books
{{Cite citeseerx}}scientific and academic papers
{{Cite conference}}conference papers
{{Cite encyclopedia}}edited collections
{{Cite episode}}radio or television episodes
{{Cite interview}}interviews
{{Cite journal}}academic journals and papers
{{Cite magazine}}magazines, periodicals
{{Cite mailing list}}public mailing lists
{{Cite map}}maps
{{Cite news}}news articles
{{Cite newsgroup}}online newsgroups
{{Cite podcast}}podcasts
{{Cite press release}}press releases
{{Cite report}}reports
{{Cite serial}}audio or video serials
{{Cite sign}}signs, plaques
{{Cite speech}}speeches
{{Cite ssrn}}articles with SSRN identifiers
{{Cite techreport}}technical reports
{{Cite thesis}}theses
{{Cite web}}web sources not covered by the above
See also:

This Citation Style 1 template is used to create citations for books.

When citing an article in a periodical, use {{cite journal}} or {{cite magazine}}. For conference papers, use {{cite conference}}. For edited collections, use {{cite encyclopedia}}. For theses, use {{cite thesis}}.

Usage

Copy a blank version to use. All parameter names must be in lowercase. Use the "|" (pipe) character between each parameter. Delete unused parameters to avoid clutter in the edit window. Some samples may include the current date. If the date is not current, then purge the page.


Most commonly used parameters in horizontal format


To cite a book with a credited author
{{cite book |last= |first= |author-link= |date= |title= |url= |location= |publisher= |page= |isbn=}}
To cite a book with no credited author
{{cite book |author=<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.--> |title= |url= |location= |publisher= |page= |date= |isbn=}}
To cite an online book that has been archived
{{cite book |last= |first= |date= |title= |url= |url-status= |location= |publisher= |isbn= |archive-url= |archive-date=}}
To cite a book written in a foreign language
{{cite book |last= |first= |date= |title= |trans-title= |url= |language= |location= |publisher= |isbn=}}
To cite and quote an archived, two-author, foreign language book re-published as a PDF on an information aggregation service requiring a subscription
{{cite book |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |date= |title= |trans-title= |url= |url-status= |url-access= |format= |language= |location= |publisher= |isbn= |archive-url= |archive-date= |via= |quote=}}


Most commonly used parameters in vertical format
{{cite book
 |last=
 |first=
 |author-link=
 |date=
 |title=
 |url=
 |location=
 |publisher=
 |page= <!-- or pages= -->
 |isbn=
}}


Full parameter set in horizontal format

{{cite book |last1= |first1= |author-link1= |last2= |first2= |author-link2= |last3= |first3= |author-link3= |last4= |first4= |author-link4= |last5= |first5= |author-link5= |display-authors= |author-mask1= |author-mask2= |author-mask3= |author-mask4= |author-mask5= |last-author-amp= |translator-last1= |translator-first1= |translator-link1= |translator-last2= |translator-first2= |translator-link2= |display-translators= |translator-mask1= |translator-mask2= |date= |year= |orig-year= |chapter= |script-chapter= |trans-chapter= |chapter-url= |chapter-format= |editor1-last= |editor1-first= |editor1-link= |editor2-last= |editor2-first= |editor2-link= |editor3-last= |editor3-first= |editor3-link= |editor4-last= |editor4-first= |editor4-link= |editor5-last= |editor5-first= |editor5-link= |display-editors= |title= |script-title= |trans-title= |url= |url-status= |url-access= |format= |type= |series= |language= |volume= |others= |edition= |location= |publisher= |publication-date= |page= |pages= |at= |nopp= |arxiv= |asin= |bibcode= |doi= |doi-broken-date= |isbn= |ismn= |issn= |jfm= |jstor= |lccn= |mr= |oclc= |ol= |osti= |pmc= |pmid= |rfc= |ssrn= |zbl= |id= |archive-url= |archive-date= |access-date= |via= |lay-url= |lay-source= |lay-date= |lay-format= |quote= |name-list-format= |mode= |postscript= |ref=}}

Full parameter set in vertical format
Parameters Prerequisites Brief instructions / notes Vertical list
داڕێژە:Hover title Author's last name or single name author. Don't link.
{{cite book
 |last1                =
 |first1               =
 |author-link1         =
 |last2                =
 |first2               =
 |author-link2         =
 |last3                =
 |first3               =
 |author-link3         =
 |last4                =
 |first4               =
 |author-link4         =
 |last5                =
 |first5               =
 |author-link5         =
 |display-authors      =
 |author-mask1         =
 |author-mask2         =
 |author-mask3         =
 |author-mask4         =
 |author-mask5         =
 |last-author-amp      =
 |translator-last1     =
 |translator-first1    =
 |translator-link1     =
 |translator-last2     =
 |translator-first2    =
 |translator-link2     =
 |display-translators  =
 |translator-mask1     =
 |translator-mask2     =
 |date                 =
 |year                 =
 |orig-year            =
 |chapter              =
 |script-chapter       =
 |trans-chapter        =
 |chapter-url          =
 |chapter-format       =
 |editor1-last         =
 |editor1-first        =
 |editor1-link         =
 |editor2-last         =
 |editor2-first        =
 |editor2-link         =
 |editor3-last         =
 |editor3-first        =
 |editor3-link         =
 |editor4-last         =
 |editor4-first        =
 |editor4-link         =
 |editor5-last         =
 |editor5-first        =
 |editor5-link         =
 |display-editors      =
 |title                =
 |script-title         =
 |trans-title          =
 |url                  =
 |url-status           =
 |url-access           =
 |format               =
 |type                 =
 |series               =
 |language             =
 |volume               =
 |others               =
 |edition              =
 |location             =
 |publisher            =
 |publication-date     =
 |page                 =
 |pages                =
 |at                   =
 |nopp                 =
 |arxiv                =
 |asin                 =
 |bibcode              =
 |doi                  =
 |doi-broken-date      =
 |isbn                 =
 |ismn                 =
 |issn                 =
 |jfm                  =
 |jstor                =
 |lccn                 =
 |mr                   =
 |oclc                 =
 |ol                   =
 |osti                 =
 |pmc                  =
 |pmid                 =
 |rfc                  =
 |ssrn                 =
 |zbl                  =
 |id                   =
 |archive-url          =
 |archive-date         =
 |access-date          =
 |via                  =
 |lay-url              =
 |lay-source           =
 |lay-date             =
 |lay-format           =
 |quote                =
 |name-list-format     =
 |mode                 =
 |postscript           =
 |ref                  =
 }}
داڕێژە:Hover title داڕێژە:Hover title Author's first name. Don't link.
داڕێژە:Hover title داڕێژە:Hover title Title of Wikipedia article about the first author. Don't link.
داڕێژە:Hover title داڕێژە:Hover title Like last1, but for 2nd author.
داڕێژە:Hover title داڕێژە:Hover title Like first1, but for 2nd author.
داڕێژە:Hover title داڕێژە:Hover title Like author-link1, but for 2nd author.
داڕێژە:Hover title داڕێژە:Hover title Like last1, but for 3rd author.
داڕێژە:Hover title داڕێژە:Hover title Like first1, but for 3rd author.
داڕێژە:Hover title داڕێژە:Hover title Like author-link1, but for 3rd author.
داڕێژە:Hover title داڕێژە:Hover title Like last1, but for 4th author.
داڕێژە:Hover title داڕێژە:Hover title Like first1, but for 4th author.
داڕێژە:Hover title داڕێژە:Hover title Like author-link1, but for 4th author.
داڕێژە:Hover title داڕێژە:Hover title Like last1, but for 5th author. Similar: last6, etc.
داڕێژە:Hover title داڕێژە:Hover title Like first1, but for 5th author. Similar: first6, etc.
داڕێژە:Hover title داڕێژە:Hover title Like author-link1, but for 5th author. Similar: author-link6, etc.
داڕێژە:Hover title داڕێژە:Hover title Number (number of authors displayed) or etal (more authors)
داڕێژە:Hover title داڕێژە:Hover title See Display options below; not for lists of cited works
داڕێژە:Hover title داڕێژە:Hover title
داڕێژە:Hover title داڕێژە:Hover title
داڕێژە:Hover title داڕێژە:Hover title
داڕێژە:Hover title داڕێژە:Hover title
داڕێژە:Hover title داڕێژە:Hover title Set to yes to separate the last author with " & "
داڕێژە:Hover title Like last1, but for translator
داڕێژە:Hover title داڕێژە:Hover title Like first1, but for translator
داڕێژە:Hover title داڕێژە:Hover title Like author-link1, but for translator
داڕێژە:Hover title داڕێژە:Hover title Like last1, but for 2nd translator. Similar: translator-last3, etc.
داڕێژە:Hover title داڕێژە:Hover title Like first1, but for 2nd translator. Similar: translator-first3, etc.
داڕێژە:Hover title داڕێژە:Hover title Like author-link1, but for 2nd transl. Similar: translator-link3, ...
display-translators داڕێژە:Hover title Like display-authors, but for translators
داڕێژە:Hover title داڕێژە:Hover title See Display options below; not for lists of cited works
داڕێژە:Hover title داڕێژە:Hover title
date
year
orig-year year or date
chapter This should be the title of the chapter cited. Do not wikilink "chapter" if "chapterurl" is provided
script-chapter
trans-chapter chapter or script-chapter
chapter-url chapter or script-chapter
chapter-format chapter-url
editor1-last may also use "editor-last"
editor1-first editor1-last may also use 'editor-first"
editor1-link editor1-last may also use "editor-link"
editor1-mask editor1-last
display-editors
title
script-title
trans-title title or script-title
url title or script-title
url-status archive-url
url-access url
format url
type
series
language
volume
others
edition Ordinal number
location publisher
publisher
publication-date
page choose one: "page", "pages", or "at"
pages choose one: "page", "pages", or "at". Use when content on multiple pages supports the article text.
at choose one: "page", "pages", or "at"
nopp page or pages set nopp to "yes" to suppress the "p." or "pp." before page numbers
arxiv
asin
bibcode
doi
doi-broken-date doi
isbn always include ISBN, if one has been assigned
issn
ismn
jfm
jstor
lccn
mr
oclc
ol
osti
pmc
pmid
rfc
ssrn
zbl
id
archive-url archive-date, url
archive-date archive-url
access-date url
via
lay-url
lay-source lay-url
lay-date lay-url
lay-format lay-url
quote
name-list-format vanc to emulate Vancouver style
mode cs1 or cs2
postscript
ref
If a field name is listed in the Prerequisites column it is a prerequisite for the field to the left.

Examples

Title

  • {{cite book |title=Mysterious Book}}
Mysterious Book. 

Title and year

  • {{cite book |title=Mysterious Book |date=1901}}
Mysterious Book. 1901. 

Basic usage (single author)

  • {{cite book |last=Bloggs |first=Joe |authorlink=Joe Bloggs |date=1974 |title=Book of Bloggs}}
Bloggs، Joe (1974). Book of Bloggs. 

Basic usage (two authors)

  • {{cite book |last1=Bloggs |first1=Joe |authorlink1=Joe Bloggs |last2=Bloggs |first2=Fred |authorlink2=Fred Bloggs |date=1974 |title=Book of Bloggs}}
Bloggs، Joe؛ Bloggs، Fred (1974). Book of Bloggs. 

Basic usage with url (and access-date) and edition

  • {{cite book |last=Bloggs |first=Joe |authorlink=Joe Bloggs |date=1974 |title=Book of Bloggs |edition=1st |url=http://en.wikipedia.org/ |access-date=February 17, 2006}}
Bloggs، Joe (1974). Book of Bloggs (وەشانی 1st). لە ڕێکەوتی February 17, 2006 ھێنراوە. 

Citing a chapter in a book with different authors for different chapters and an editor

  • {{cite book |last=Bloggs |first=Fred |editor-last=Doe |editor-first=John |title=Big Compilation Book with Many Chapters and Distinct Chapter Authors |publisher=Book Publishers |date=January 1, 2001 |pages=100–110 |chapter=Chapter 2: The History of the Bloggs Family |isbn=978-1-234-56789-7}}
Bloggs، Fred (January 1, 2001). "Chapter 2: The History of the Bloggs Family". In Doe، John. Big Compilation Book with Many Chapters and Distinct Chapter Authors. Book Publishers. پەڕەکان 100–110. ISBN 978-1-234-56789-7. 

Citing a chapter in a book with two joint authors and an editor

  • {{cite book |last1=Bloggs |first1=Joe |last2=Egg |first2=Fred |editor-last=Doe |editor-first=John |title=Big Book with Many Chapters and Two Co-authors |publisher=Book Publishers |date=January 1, 2001 |orig-year=1st pub. 1986 |pages=100–110 |chapter=Chapter 6: Getting There |chapterurl=http://en.wikipedia.org/ |isbn=978-1-234-56789-7 |lastauthoramp=y}}
Bloggs، Joe و Egg، Fred (January 1, 2001) [1st pub. 1986]. "Chapter 6: Getting There". In Doe، John. Big Book with Many Chapters and Two Co-authors. Book Publishers. پەڕەکان 100–110. ISBN 978-1-234-56789-7. 

Three authors, title with a piped wikilink, edition

  • {{cite book |last1=Bloggs |first1=Joe |authorlink1=Joe Bloggs |last2=Smith |first2=John |last3=Smythe |first3=Jim |title=[[A Thousand Acres|1000 Acres]] |edition=2nd}}
Bloggs، Joe؛ Smith، John؛ Smythe، Jim. 1000 Acres (وەشانی 2nd). 

Complex usage showing effect of using volume parameter and lastauthoramp parameter (without volume and lastauthoramp)

  • {{cite book |last1=Playfair |first1=I.S.O. |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Stitt |first2=G.M.S. |last3=Molony |first3=C.J.C. |last4=Toomer |first4=S.E. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=J.R.M. |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=Mediterranean and Middle East. Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, East Sussex |date=2007 |orig-year=1st pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-65-3}}
Playfair، I.S.O.؛ Stitt، G.M.S.؛ Molony، C.J.C.؛ Toomer، S.E. (2007) [1st pub. HMSO:1954]. دەستکاریکەر: Butler، J.R.M. Mediterranean and Middle East. Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, East Sussex: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-65-3. 

Complex usage showing effect of using volume parameter and lastauthoramp parameter (with volume and lastauthoramp)

  • {{cite book |last1=Playfair |first1=I.S.O. |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Stitt |first2=G.M.S. |last3=Molony |first3=C.J.C. |last4=Toomer |first4=S.E. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=J.R.M. |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=Mediterranean and Middle East |volume=Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, East Sussex |date=2007 |orig-year=1st pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-65-3 |lastauthoramp=y}}
Playfair، I.S.O.؛ Stitt، G.M.S.؛ Molony، C.J.C. و Toomer، S.E. (2007) [1st pub. HMSO:1954]. دەستکاریکەر: Butler، J.R.M. Mediterranean and Middle East. History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941). Uckfield, East Sussex: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-65-3. 

Date without day, wikilinked title and publisher, pages, edition, location

  • {{cite book |last1=Cordell |first1=Bruce R. |last2=Grubb |first2=Jeff |last3=Noonan |first3=David |date=September 2001 |title=[[Manual of the Planes]] |edition=3rd |publisher=Wizards of the Coast |location=Renton, Washington |isbn=0-7869-1850-0 |pages=134–137}}
Cordell، Bruce R.؛ Grubb، Jeff؛ Noonan، David (September 2001). Manual of the Planes (وەشانی 3rd). Renton, Washington: Wizards of the Coast. پەڕەکان 134–137. ISBN 0-7869-1850-0. 

Other language

  • {{cite book |last=Bloggs |first=Jean |date=1974 |title=Livre de Bloggs |edition=1st |language=French |trans-title=Book of Bloggs |url=http://en.wikipedia.org/ |access-date=February 17, 2006}}
Bloggs، Jean (1974). Livre de Bloggs [Book of Bloggs] (بە زمانی French) (وەشانی 1st). لە ڕێکەوتی February 17, 2006 ھێنراوە. 

Using a DOI

  • {{cite book |last=Mumford |first=David |authorlink=David Mumford |date=1999 |title=The Red Book of Varieties and Schemes: Includes the Michigan Lectures (1974) on Curves and Their Jacobians |edition=2nd |publisher=Springer-Verlag |doi=10.1007/b62130 |isbn=354063293X}}
Mumford، David (1999). The Red Book of Varieties and Schemes: Includes the Michigan Lectures (1974) on Curves and Their Jacobians (وەشانی 2nd). Springer-Verlag. ISBN 354063293X. doi:10.1007/b62130. 

Using author-mask parameter

  • {{cite book |last1=Playfair |first1=I.S.O. |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Stitt |first2=G.M.S. |last3=Molony |first3=C.J.C. |last4=Toomer |first4=S.E. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=J.R.M. |editor-link=James Ramsay Montagu Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=Mediterranean and Middle East Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, East Sussex |date=2004 |orig-year=1st pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-65-3 |lastauthoramp=y}}
Playfair، I.S.O.؛ Stitt، G.M.S.؛ Molony، C.J.C. و Toomer، S.E. (2004) [1st pub. HMSO:1954]. دەستکاریکەر: Butler، J.R.M. Mediterranean and Middle East Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, East Sussex: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-65-3. 
  • {{cite book |last1=Playfair |first1=I.S.O. |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Flynn |first2=F.C. |last3=Molony |first3=C.J.C. |last4=Toomer |first4=S.E. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=J.R.M. |editor-link=James Ramsay Montagu Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume II: The Germans Come to the Help of Their Ally (1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, East Sussex |date=2004 |orig-year=1st pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-66-1 |lastauthoramp=y |author-mask=2}}
——؛ Flynn، F.C.؛ Molony، C.J.C. و Toomer، S.E. (2004) [1st pub. HMSO:1954]. دەستکاریکەر: Butler، J.R.M. The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume II: The Germans Come to the Help of Their Ally (1941). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, East Sussex: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-66-1. 
  • {{cite book |last1=Playfair |first1=I.S.O. |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Flynn |first2=F.C. |last3=Molony |first3=C.J.C. |last4=Gleave |first4=T.P. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=Sir James |editor-link=James Ramsay Montagu Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume III: British Fortunes Reach Their Lowest Ebb (September 1941 to September 1942) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, East Sussex |date=2004 |orig-year=1st pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-67-X |lastauthoramp=y |author-mask=2}}
——؛ Flynn، F.C.؛ Molony، C.J.C. و Gleave، T.P. (2004) [1st pub. HMSO:1954]. دەستکاریکەر: Butler، Sir James. The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume III: British Fortunes Reach Their Lowest Ebb (September 1941 to September 1942). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, East Sussex: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-67-X. 

Using display-authors parameter

  • {{cite book |last1=Playfair |first1=I.S.O. |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Stitt |first2=G.M.S. |last3=Molony |first3=C.J.C. |last4=Toomer |first4=S.E. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=J.R.M. |editor-link=James Ramsay Montagu Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=Mediterranean and Middle East Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, East Sussex |date=2004 |orig-year=1st pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-65-3 |display-authors=1}}
Playfair، I.S.O.؛ و ھی تر. (2004) [1st pub. HMSO:1954]. دەستکاریکەر: Butler، J.R.M. Mediterranean and Middle East Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, East Sussex: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-65-3. 

Parameters

Syntax

Nested parameters rely on their parent parameters:

  • parent
  • OR: parent2—may be used instead of parent
    • child—may be used with parent (and is ignored if parent is not used)
    • OR: child2—may be used instead of child (and is ignored if parent2 is not used)
Where aliases are listed, only one of the parameters may be defined; if multiple aliased parameters are defined, then only one will show.


COinS

This template embeds COinS metadata in the HTML output, allowing reference management software to retrieve bibliographic metadata. See: Wikipedia:COinS. As a general rule, only one data item per parameter. Do not include explanatory or alternate text:

  • Use |date=27 September 2007 not |date=27 September 2007 (print version 25 September)

Use of templates within the citation template, is generally discouraged as many of these templates will add a lot of extraneous HTML or CSS that will be rendered in the metadata.

COinS metadata is created for these parameters:

  • |periodical=, |journal=, |newspaper=, |magazine=, |work=, |website=, |encyclopedia=, |encyclopaedia=, |dictionary=
  • |chapter=, |contribution=, |entry=, |article=, |section=
  • |title=
  • |publicationplace=, |publication-place=
  • |date=, |year=, |publicationdate=, |publication-date=
  • |series=
  • |volume=
  • |issue=, |number=
  • |page=, |pages=, |at=
  • |edition=
  • |publisher=, |distributor=, |institution=
  • |url=
  • |chapterurl=, |chapter-url=, |contributionurl=, |contribution-url=, |sectionurl=
  • |author#=, |Author#=, |authors#=, |author#-last=, |author-last#=, |last#=, |surname#=
  • any of the identifiers (|isbn=, |issn=, |doi=, |pmc=, etc)


What's new

What's new or changed recently
Parameter New or changed param
|script-work= New. Name of the |work= in its original script (Chinese, Cyrillic, Devanagari, etc.) if not a Latin script.
|trans-work= New. Name of the |work= in English, if the original is in another language.
|url-status= New. Replaces dead-url; list of values has changed. Interacts with archive-url. See url-status.

Deprecated

The following parameters are deprecated and will no longer work. Their use will place the page into Category:Pages containing cite templates with deprecated parameters:

  • access-date · accessday · accessdaymonth · accessed · accessmonth · accessmonthday · accessyear: Use accessdate to include the full date of access.
  • day: Use date to include the day, month and year.
  • dateformat · doilabel: These parameters are no longer supported.


Description

Authors

  • last: Surname of author. Do not wikilink—use authorlink instead. Where the surname is usually written first—as in Chinese—or for corporate authors, simply use last to include the same format as the source. Aliases: last1, author, authors, author1.
    • first: Given or first names of author, including title(s); for example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use authorlink instead. Aliases: first1.
    • OR: for multiple authors, use last1, first1 through last9, first9 for up to nine authors. By default, if nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and "et al." will show in place of the last author. See the display parameters to change. Aliases: author1 through author9.
  • authorlink: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author—not the author's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: authorlink1, author-link, author1-link, author1link.
  • OR: for multiple authors, use authorlink1 through authorlink9. Aliases: author1-link through author9-link.
  • others: To record other contributors to the work, such as Illustrated by John Smith or Translated by John Smith.
When using shortened footnotes or parenthetical referencing styles with templates, do not use multiple names in one field or else the anchor will not match the inline link.

Title

  • title: Title of source. Can be wikilinked to an existing Wikipedia article or url may be used to add an external link, but not both. Displays in italics.
    • trans_title: English translation of the title if the source cited is in a foreign language. Displays in square brackets after title; if url is defined, then trans_title is included in the link. Use of the language parameter is recommended.
Titles containing certain characters will display and link incorrectly unless those characters are encoded.
newline [ ] |
space &#91; &#93; &#124;


  • type: Provides additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case. Displays in parentheses following the title. Examples: Thesis, Booklet, CD liner, Press release.


  • chapter: The chapter heading of the source. May be wikilinked or may use chapter-url, but not both. Displays in quotes.
    • trans_chapter: English translation of the chapter heading, if the source cited is in a foreign language. Displays in square brackets after the chapter field; if chapter-url is defined, then trans_chapter is included in the link. Use of the language parameter is recommended.


  • language: The language the source is written in, if not English. Displays in parentheses with "in" before the language name. Use the full language name; do not use icons or templates.

Date

  • date: Date of source being referenced. Can be full date (day, month, and year) or partial date (month and year, year). Use same format as other publication dates in the citations.[١] Required when year is used to disambiguate {{sfn}} links to multiple-work citations by the same author in the same year.[more]. Do not wikilink. Displays after the authors and is enclosed in parentheses. If there is no author, then displays after publisher.
  • OR:
    • year: Year of source being referenced. Required with some types of {{sfn}} citations;[more] otherwise use date.
    • month: Name of the month or season of publication. If you also have the day, use date instead. Do not wikilink.
    • origyear: Original publication year; displays after the date or year. For clarity, please supply specifics. For example: |origyear=First published 1859 or |origyear=Composed 1904.
  1. ^ Publication dates in references within an article should all have the same format. See: MOS:DATEUNIFY.


Publisher

  • publisher: Name of publisher; may be wikilinked if relevant. Not normally included for periodicals. Corporate designations such as "Ltd", "Inc" or "GmbH" are not usually included. Displays after title; if work is defined, then publisher is enclosed in parentheses.
  • place: Geographical place of publication; generally not wikilinked; omit when the name of the work includes the location; examples: The Boston Globe, The Times of India. Displays after the title; if work is defined, then location is enclosed in parentheses. Alias: location
  • publication-place: If any one of publication-place, place or location are defined, then the location shows after the title; if publication-place and place or location are defined, then place or location are shown before the title prefixed with "written at" and publication-place is shown after the title.
  • publication-date: Date of publication when different from the date the work was written. Displays only if year or date are defined and only if different, else publication-date is used and displayed as date. Use the same format as other dates in the article; do not wikilink. Follows publisher; if work is not defined, then publication-date is preceded by "published" and enclosed in parenthesis.


Edition, series, volume

  • edition: When the publication has more than one edition; for example: "2nd", "Revised" etc. Displays " ed." after this field, so |edition=2nd produces "2nd ed." Does not display if a periodical field is defined.


  • series or version: When the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal where the issue numbering has restarted.


  • volume: For one publication published in several volumes. Displays after the title and series fields; displays in bold— if bolding is not desired, then include the volume information in the title field.


In-source locations

  • page: Page in the source that supports the content. Displays preceded with p. unless |nopp=y.
  • OR: pages: Pages in the source that supports the content; separate page ranges with an en dash (–); separate non-sequential pages with a comma (,); do not use to indicate the total number of pages in the source. Displays preceded with pp. unless |nopp=y.
    • nopp: Set to y to suppress the p. or pp. notations where this is inappropriate; for example, where |page=Front cover.
  • OR: at: For sources where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient. Overridden by |page= or |pages=.
Examples: page (p.) or pages (pp.); section (sec.), column (col.), paragraph (para.); track; hours, minutes and seconds; act, scene, canto, book, part, folio, stanza, back cover, liner notes, indicia, colophon, dust jacket, verse.


URL

  • url: URL of an online location where the text of the publication can be found. Cannot be used if title is wikilinked. If applicable, the link may point to the specific page(s) referenced. Do not link to any commercial booksellers, such as Amazon.com. See: WP:PAGELINKS.
    • accessdate: Full date when original URL was accessed; use the same format as other access and archive dates in the citations.[١] Do not wikilink. Not required for web pages or linked documents that do not change; mainly for use of web pages that change frequently or have no publication date. Can be hidden or styled by registered editors.
    • archiveurl: The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the url becomes unavailable. Typically used to refer to services like WebCite (see: Wikipedia:Using WebCite) and Internet Archive (see: Wikipedia:Using the Wayback Machine); requires archivedate.
      • archivedate: Date when the original URL was archived; preceded by default text "archived from the original on". Use the same format as other access and archive dates in the citations.[١] Do not wikilink.
      • deadurl: When the URL is still live, but preemptively archived, then set |deadurl=no. This changes the display order with the title retaining the original link and the archive linked at the end.
    • template doc demo: The archive parameters will be error checked to ensure that all the required parameters are included, or else {{citation error}} is invoked. With errors, main, help and template pages are placed into Category:Articles with incorrect citation syntax. Set |template doc demo=true to disable categorization; mainly used for documentation where the error is demonstrated.
  • format: Format of the work referred to by url; for example: PDF, DOC, or XLS; displayed in parentheses after title. HTML is implied and should not be specified. Does not change the external link icon. Note: External link icons do not include alt text; thus, they do not add format information for the visually impaired.
URLs must begin with a supported URI scheme. http:// and https:// will be supported by all browsers; however, ftp://, gopher://, irc://, ircs://, mailto: and news: will require a plug-in or an external application and should normally be avoided. IPv6 host-names are currently not supported.
If URLs in citation template parameters contain certain characters, then they will not display and link correctly. Those characters need to be percent-encoded. For example, a space must be replaced by %20. To encode the URL, replace the following characters with:
sp " ' < > [ ] | }
%20 %22 %27 %3c %3e %5b %5d %7c %7d
Single apostrophes do not need to be encoded; however, unencoded multiples will be parsed as italic or bold markup. Single curly closing braces also do not need to be encoded; however, an unencoded pair will be parsed as the double closing braces for the template transclusion.
  1. ^ ی ا Accessdate and archivedate in references should all have the same format – either the format used for publication dates, or YYYY-MM-DD. See: MOS:DATEUNIFY.


Chapter URL

  • chapter-url: URL of an online location where the text of the publication named by chapter or contribution can be found. Cannot be used if those parameters are wikilinked. Should be at the same site as url, if any. If chapter-url is used, url should only be used if the beginning of the work and the cited chapter are on separate webpages at the site. Aliases: chapterurl, contribution-url, section-url.
  • chapter-format: Format of the work referred to by chapter-url; for example: PDF, DOC, or XLS; displayed in parentheses after chapter. HTML is implied and should not be specified. Does not change the external link icon. Note: External link icons do not include alt text; thus, they do not add format information for the visually impaired.

Anchor


Identifiers

  • id: A unique identifier, used where none of the specialized identifiers are applicable; wikilink or use a template as applicable.

These identifiers create links and are designed to accept a single value. Using multiple values or other text will break the link and/or invalidate the identifier.


Quote

  • quote: Relevant text quoted from the source. Displays enclosed in quotes. When supplied, the citation terminator (a period by default) is suppressed, so the quote needs to include terminating punctuation.


Editors

  • editor-last: Surname of editor. Do not wikilink—use editor-link instead. Where the surname is usually written first—as in Chinese—or for corporate authors, simply use editor-last to include the same format as the source. Aliases: editor1-last, editor, editors.
    • editor-first: Given or first names of editor, including title(s); example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use editor-link instead. Aliases: editor1-first.
    • OR: for multiple editors, use editor1-last, editor1-first through editor4-last, editor4-first for up to four editors.
  • editor-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor—not the editor's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: editor1-link.
  • OR: for multiple editors, use editor1-link through editor4-link.
Display:
If authors: Authors are first, followed by the editors and the included work, then the main work.
If no authors: Editors appear before the included work; a single editor is followed by "ed."; multiple editors are followed by "eds."; more than three editors will be followed by "et al., eds."


Laysummary

  • laysummary: URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; the URL title is set to "Lay summary".
    • laysource: Name of the source of the laysummary. Displays in italics and preceded by an endash.
    • laydate: Date of the summary. Displays in parentheses.


Display options

  • author-mask: Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text. Set author-mask to a numeric value n to set the dash n em spaces wide; set author-mask to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, "with". You must still include the values for all authors for metadata purposes. Primarily intended for use with bibliography styles where multiple works by a single author are listed sequentially. Do not use in a list generated by {{reflist}}, <references /> or similar as there is no control of the order in which references are displayed.
  • author-name-separator: Controls the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space (, ); if the parameter is present, but blank, no separator punctuation will be used; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk (*), colon (:) or hash (#) as they will be interpreted as wikimarkup.
  • author-separator: Controls the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space (; ); if the parameter is present, but blank, no separator punctuation will be used; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk (*), colon (:) or hash (#) as they will be interpreted as wikimarkup.
  • display-authors: Controls the number of author names that are displayed when a citation is published. To control the displayed number of author names, set display-authors to the desired number. For example, |display-authors=2 will display only the first two authors in a citation. By default, the only the first eight cited authors are displayed; subsequent authors beyond eight are represented in the published citation by "et al." If a citation contains nine author names and one wishes all nine author names to display, "et al." may be suppressed by setting |display-authors=9. Aliases: displayauthors.
  • lastauthoramp: Switches the separator between the last two names of the author list to space ampersand space ( & ) when set to any value. Example: |lastauthoramp=yes
  • postscript: Controls the closing punctuation for a citation; defaults to a period (.); if the parameter is present, but blank, no terminating punctuation will be used. Ignored if quote is defined.
  • separator: Controls the punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc. Defaults to a period (.); if the parameter is present, but blank, no separator punctuation will be used; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk (*), colon (:) or hash (#) as they will be interpreted as wikimarkup.

Subscription or registration required

Citations of online sources that require registration or a subscription are acceptable in Wikipedia as documented in Verifiability § Access to sources. As a courtesy to readers and other editors, editors should signal the access restrictions of the external links included in a citation. Nota bene: access icons do not display correctly for editors who use Modern skin.

Four access levels can be used:

As there are often multiple external links with different access levels in the same citation, these values are attributed to a particular external link.

Access indicators for url-holding parameters

Sources linked by |url=, |chapter-url=, |entry-url=, |article-url=, and |section-url= are presumed to be free-to-read. When they are not free-to-read, editors should mark those sources with the matching access-indicator parameter so that an appropriate icon is included in the rendered citation. Because the sources linked by these url-holding parameters are presumed to be free-to-read, they may not be marked as free.

url-holding and access-indicator parameters
url access allowed keywords
|url= |url-access= registration Free registration required
limited Free access subject to limited trial, subscription normally required
subscription Paid subscription required
|article-url= |article-url-access=
|chapter-url= |chapter-url-access=
|contribution-url= |chapter-url-access=dagger
|entry-url= |entry-url-access=
|section-url= |section-url-access=

dagger|contribution-url-access= not currently defined; use its alias |chapter-url-access=

Access indicator for named identifiers

Links inserted by named identifiers are presumed to lie behind a paywall or registration barrier – exceptions listed below. When they are free-to-read, editors should mark those sources with the matching access-indicator parameter so that an appropriate icon is included in the rendered citation. Because the sources linked by these named-identifier parameters are not presumed to be free-to-read, they may not be marked as limited, registration, or subscription.

named-identifier and access-indicator parameters
identifier access allowed keywords
|bibcode= |bibcode-access= free Freely accessible
|doi= |doi-access=
|hdl= |hdl-access=dagger
|jstor= |jstor-access=
|ol= |ol-access=
|osti= |osti-access=

Some named-identifiers are always free-to-read. For those named-identifiers there are no access-indicator parameters, the access level is automatically indicated by the template. These named identifiers are:

  • |arxiv=
  • |biorxiv=
  • |citeseerx=
  • |pmc=
  • |rfc=
  • |ssrn=
Ambiguous access parameters

The parameters |registration=yes and |subscription=yes can also be used to indicate the access level of a citation. However, they do not indicate which link they apply to, so editors are encouraged to use |url-access=registration and |url-access=subscription instead, when the restriction applies to |url=. If the restriction applies to an identifier, these parameters should be omitted.

These parameters add a link note to the end of the citation:

  • registration: (deprecated) For online sources that require registration, set |registration=yes (or y, or true); yields to subscription if both are set. Use the appropriate access-indicator parameter
  • subscription: (deprecated) For online sources that require a subscription, set |subscription=yes (or y, or true); supersedes registration if both are set. Use the appropriate access-indicator parameter

Setting |registration= or |subscription= to any value other than y, yes, or true will generate an error message.

TemplateData

See Template:Cite book/TemplateData.

See also

This template produces COinS metadata; see COinS in Wikipedia for background information.

TemplateData
ئەمە بەڵگەنامەی دراوەی داڕێژەیە بۆ ئەم داڕێژە کە لەلایەن دەستکاریکەری دیداری و ئامرازەکانی تر بەکارھاتووە. بڕوانە ڕاپۆرتی ھەڵەی مانگانە بۆ ئەم داڕێژە.

دراوەی داڕێژە بۆ Cite book

This template formats a citation to a book using the provided bibliographic information (such as author and title) as well as various formatting options.

پارامەترەکانی داڕێژە

This template prefers inline formatting of parameters.

پارامەتروەسفجۆرڕەوش
Last namelast last1 author author1 author1-last author-last surname1 author-last1 subject1 surname author-last subject

The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

زنجیرەنووسەپێشنیارکراوە
First namefirst given author-first first1 given1 author-first1 author1-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

زنجیرەنووسەپێشنیارکراوە
URLurl URL

The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found. Requires schemes of the type "http://..." or maybe even the  protocol relative scheme "//..."

نموونە
https://books.google.com/books?id=...
زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Titletitle

The title of the book; displays in italics

زنجیرەنووسەپێویستە
Title linktitle-link titlelink episode-link episodelink

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the source named in title – do not use a web address; do not wikilink.

پەڕەدڵخواز
Vancouver style author listvauthors

If using Vancouver style, comma separated list of author names; enclose corporate or institutional author names in doubled parentheses

نموونە
Smythe JB, ((Megabux Corporation))
زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Last name 2last2 author2 surname2 author-last2 author2-last subject2

The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
First name 2first2 given2 author-first2 author2-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Last name 3last3 author3 surname3 author-last3 author3-last subject3

The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink3'.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
First name 3first3 given3 author-first3 author3-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Last name 4last4 author4 surname4 author-last4 author4-last subject4

The surname of the fourth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink4'.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
First name 4first4 given4 author-first4 author4-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth author; don't wikilink.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Last name 5last5 author5 surname5 author-last5 author5-last subject5

The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink5'.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
First name 5first5 given5 author-first5 author5-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Last name 6last6 author6 surname6 author-last6 author6-last subject6

The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink6'.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
First name 6first6 given6 author-first6 author6-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Last name 7last7 author7 surname7 author-last7 author7-last subject7

The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink7'.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
First name 7first7 given7 author-first7 author7-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Last name 8last8 author8 surname8 author-last8 author8-last subject8

The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink8'.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
First name 8first8 given8 author-first8 author8-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Last name 9last9 author9 surname9 author-last9 author9-last subject9

The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
First name 9first9 given9 author-first9 author9-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Collaborationcollaboration

Name of a group of authors or collaborators; requires author, last, or vauthors which list one or more primary authors; follows author name-list; appends 'et al.' to author name-list.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Datedate air-date airdate

Full date of the source; do not wikilink

ڕێکەوتدڵخواز
Workwork journal website newspaper magazine encyclopedia encyclopaedia dictionary mailinglist

Name of the work in which the cited book text is found

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Publisherpublisher distributor institution newsgroup

Name of the publisher; displays after title

زنجیرەنووسەپێشنیارکراوە
Othersothers

Used to record other contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith'

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Year of publicationyear

Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known

زنجیرەنووسەپێشنیارکراوە
ISBNisbn ISBN13 isbn13 ISBN

International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

زنجیرەنووسەپێشنیارکراوە
Ignore ISBN Errorignore-isbn-error

True if ISBN Errors should be ignored.If set, page will be added to a maintenance category "CS1 maint: Ignored ISBN errors".

Booleanدڵخواز
Editor last nameeditor-last editor editor-surname editor-last1 editor-surname1 editor1 editor1-last editor1-surname

The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

نەزانراودڵخواز
Editor first nameeditor-first editor-given editor-first1 editor-given1 editor1-first editor1-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

نەزانراودڵخواز
Link for editoreditor-link editorlink editor-link1 editor1-link editorlink1 editor1link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor

پەڕەدڵخواز
Editor maskeditor-mask editormask editormask1 editor1-mask editor-mask1 editor1mask

Replaces the name of the first editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Vancouver style editor listveditors

Comma separated list of editor names in Vancouver style; enclose corporate or institutional names in doubled parentheses

نموونە
Smythe JB, ((Megabux Corporation))
زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Editors listeditors

Free-form list of editor names; use of this parameter is discouraged

نەزانراوdeprecated
Editionedition

When the publication has more than one edition; for example: '2nd', 'Revised' etc.; suffixed by ' ed.'

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Series identifierseries version

Series identifier when the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Volumevolume

For one publication published in several volumes

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Location of publicationlocation place

Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place

زنجیرەنووسەپێشنیارکراوە
Place of publicationpublication-place publicationplace

Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at'

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Publication datepublication-date publicationdate

Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Pagepage p

The number of a single page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'; use either page= or pages=, but not both

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Page(s) citedpages pp

A range of pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source); displays after 'pp.'; use either page= or pages=, but not both

زنجیرەنووسەپێشنیارکراوە
No ppnopp

Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover')

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Atat

May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Languagelanguage in

The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Translator last nametranslator-last translator translator-last1 translator1 translator1-last

The surname of the translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional translators.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Translator first nametranslator-first translator1-first translator-first1

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional translators.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Script titlescript-title

For titles in languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Bengali, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, etc). Prefix with two-character ISO639-1 language code followed by a colon. For Japanese use: |script-title=ja:...

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Translated titletrans-title trans_title

An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Chapterchapter contribution entry article section

The chapter heading of the source; may be wikilinked or with 'chapterurl' but not both. For the contribution alias, see contributor-last

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Script Chapterscript-chapter

Chapter heading for languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, etc); follows transliteration defined in chapter. Should be prefixed with an ISO 639-1 two-character code to help browsers properly display the script

نموونە
ja:東京タワー
زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Translated chaptertrans-chapter trans_chapter

An English language chapter heading, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Typetype medium

Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Formatformat

Format of the work referred to by 'url'; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
arXiv identifierarxiv ARXIV eprint

An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
arXiv Classclass

Cite arXiv identifiers

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
ASINasin ASIN

Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
ASIN TLDasin-tld

ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Bibcodebibcode

Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
biorXivbiorxiv

biorXiv identifier; 6 digits

هێڵدڵخواز
CiteSeerXciteseerx

CiteSeerX identifier; found after the 'doi=' query parameter

هێڵدڵخواز
DOIdoi DOI

Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
EISSNeissn EISSN

International Standard Serial Number for the electronic media of a serial publication; eight characters may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen, but not an en dash or a space.

نموونە
2009-0048
زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Handle System identifierhdl HDL

Handle System identifier for digital objects and other resources on the Internet

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
ISMNismn ISMN

International Standard Music Number; Use the ISMN actually printed on or in the work. Hyphens or spaces in the ISMN are optional.

نموونە
979-0-9016791-7-7
زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
ISSNissn ISSN

International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
jfm codejfm

Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
JSTORjstor JSTOR

JSTOR identifier

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
LCCNlccn LCCN

Library of Congress Control Number

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
MRmr MR

Mathematical Reviews identifier

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
OCLCoclc OCLC

Online Computer Library Center number

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
OLol OL

Open Library identifier; do not include "OL" at beginning of identifier

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
OSTIosti OSTI

Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
PMCpmc

PubMed Center article number

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
PMIDpmid PMID

PubMed Unique Identifier

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
RFCrfc

Request for Comments number

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
SSRNssrn

Social Science Research Network

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Zblzbl

Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
idid ID

A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Quotequote quotation

Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; needs to include terminating punctuation

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Refref

An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv and sfn templates

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Name list formatname-list-format

Accepts the single keyword 'vanc' to emulate Vancouver Style author / editor name-lists.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Modemode

Sets separator and terminal punctuation to the style named in the assigned value; allowable values are: 'cs1' or 'cs2'

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Postscriptpostscript

The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined; to suppress use reserved keyword 'none'

بنچینەیی
.
زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Registrationregistration

For online sources that require registration, set to 'yes' (or 'y', or 'true'); superseded by subscription if both are set

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Subscriptionsubscription

For online sources that require subscription, set to 'yes' (or 'y', or 'true'); supersedes registration if both are set

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Author maskauthor-mask authormask authormask1 author1-mask author-mask1 author1mask

Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Author mask 2author-mask2 authormask2 author2-mask author2mask

Replaces the name of the second author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Author mask 3author-mask3 authormask3 author3-mask author3mask

Replaces the name of the third author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Author mask 4author-mask4 authormask4 author4-mask author4mask

Replaces the name of the fourth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Author mask 5author-mask5 authormask5 author5-mask author5mask

Replaces the name of the fifth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Author mask 6author-mask6 authormask6 author6-mask author6mask

Replaces the name of the sixth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Author mask 7author-mask7 authormask7 author7-mask author7mask

Replaces the name of the seventh author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Author mask 8author-mask8 authormask8 author8-mask author8mask

Replaces the name of the eighth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Author mask 9author-mask9 authormask9 author9-mask author9mask

Replaces the name of the ninth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Display authorsdisplay-authors displayauthors

number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used

ژمارەدڵخواز
Author linkauthor-link authorlink subjectlink subject-link authorlink1 author-link1 author1-link subjectlink1 author1link subject-link1 subject1-link subject1link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

پەڕەدڵخواز
Author link 2author-link2 authorlink2 author2-link subjectlink2 author2link subject-link2 subject2-link subject2link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

پەڕەدڵخواز
Author link 3author-link3 authorlink3 author3-link subjectlink3 author3link subject-link3 subject3-link subject3link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author.

پەڕەدڵخواز
Author link 4author-link4 authorlink4 author4-link subjectlink4 author4link subject-link4 subject4-link subject4link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth author.

پەڕەدڵخواز
Author link 5author-link5 authorlink5 author5-link subjectlink5 author5link subject-link5 subject5-link subject5link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fifth author.

پەڕەدڵخواز
Author link 6author-link6 authorlink6 author6-link subjectlink6 author6link subject-link6 subject6-link subject6link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

پەڕەدڵخواز
Author link 7author-link7 authorlink7 author7-link subjectlink7 author7link subject-link7 subject7-link subject7link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author.

پەڕەدڵخواز
Author link 8author-link8 authorlink8 author8-link subjectlink8 author8link subject-link8 subject8-link subject8link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author.

پەڕەدڵخواز
Author link 9author-link9 authorlink9 author9-link subjectlink9 author9link subject-link9 subject9-link subject9link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author.

پەڕەدڵخواز
URL access dateaccess-date accessdate

The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Original yearorig-year origyear

Original year of publication; provide specifics

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Last name of second editoreditor-last2 editor-surname2 editor2 editor2-last editor2-surname

The surname of the second editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor2-link'

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
First name of second editoreditor-first2 editor-given2 editor2-first editor2-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor2-link'

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Link for second editoreditor-link2 editor2-link editorlink2 editor2link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second editor

پەڕەدڵخواز
Mask for second editoreditor-mask2 editormask2 editor2-mask editor2mask

Replaces the name of the second editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Last name of third editoreditor-last3 editor-surname3 editor3 editor3-last editor3-surname

The surname of the third editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor3-link'

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
First name of third editoreditor-first3 editor-given3 editor3-first editor3-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor3-link'

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Link for third editoreditor-link3 editor3-link editorlink3 editor3link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third editor

پەڕەدڵخواز
Mask for third editoreditor-mask3 editormask3 editor3-mask editor3mask

Replaces the name of the third editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Last name of fourth editoreditor-last4 editor-surname4 editor4 editor4-last editor4-surname

The surname of the fourth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor4-link'

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
First name of fourth editoreditor-first4 editor-given4 editor4-first editor4-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor4-link'

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Link for fourth editoreditor-link4 editor4-link editorlink4 editor4link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth editor

پەڕەدڵخواز
Mask for fourth editoreditor-mask4 editormask4 editor4-mask editor4mask

Replaces the name of the fourth editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Last name of fifth editoreditor-last5 editor-surname5 editor5 editor5-last editor5-surname

The surname of the fifth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor5-link'

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
First name of fifth editoreditor-first5 editor-given5 editor5-first editor5-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor5-link'

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Link for fifth editoreditor-link5 editor5-link editorlink5 editor5link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fifth editor

پەڕەدڵخواز
Mask for fifth editoreditor-mask5 editormask5 editor5-mask editor5mask

Replaces the name of the fifth editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Last name of sixth editoreditor-last6 editor-surname6 editor6 editor6-last editor6-surname

The surname of the sixth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor6-link'

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
First name of sixth editoreditor-first6 editor-given6 editor6-first editor6-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor6-link'

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Link for sixth editoreditor-link6 editor6-link editorlink6 editor6link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth editor

پەڕەدڵخواز
Mask for sixth editoreditor-mask6 editormask6 editor6-mask editor6mask

Replaces the name of the sixth editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Last name of seventh editoreditor-last7 editor-surname7 editor7 editor7-last editor7-surname

The surname of the seventh editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor7-link'

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
First name of seventh editoreditor-first7 editor-given7 editor7-first editor7-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor7-link'

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Link for seventh editoreditor-link7 editor7-link editorlink7 editor7link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh editor

پەڕەدڵخواز
Mask for seventh editoreditor-mask7 editormask7 editor7-mask editor7mask

Replaces the name of the seventh editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Last name of eighth editoreditor-last8 editor-surname8 editor8 editor8-last editor8-surname

The surname of the eighth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor8-link'

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
First name of eighth editoreditor-first8 editor-given8 editor8-first editor8-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor8-link'

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Link for eighth editoreditor-link8 editor8-link editorlink8 editor8link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth editor

پەڕەدڵخواز
Mask for eighth editoreditor-mask8 editormask8 editor8-mask editor8mask

Replaces the name of the eighth editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Last name of ninth editoreditor-last9 editor-surname9 editor9 editor9-last editor9-surname

The surname of the ninth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor9-link'

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
First name of ninth editoreditor-first9 editor-given9 editor9-first editor9-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor9-link'

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Link for ninth editoreditor-link9 editor9-link editorlink9 editor9link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth editor

پەڕەدڵخواز
Mask for ninth editoreditor-mask9 editormask9 editor9-mask editor9mask

Replaces the name of the ninth editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Display Editorsdisplay-editors displayeditors

Controls the number of editor names that are displayed when a citation is published. To change the displayed number of editors, set display-editors to the desired number. For example, |display-editors=2 will display only the first two editors in a citation. By default, all editors are displayed. |display-editors=etal displays all editors in the list followed by et al.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Translator last name 2translator-last2 translator2 translator2-last

The surname of the second translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Translator first name 2translator-first2 translator2-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Translator last name 3translator-last3 translator3 translator3-last

The surname of the third translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Translator first name 3translator-first3 translator3-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Translator last name 4translator-last4 translator4 translator4-last

The surname of the fourth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Translator first name 4translator-first4 translator4-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Translator last name 5translator-last5 translator5 translator5-last

The surname of the fifth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Translator first name 5translator-first5 translator5-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Translator last name 6translator-last6 translator6 translator6-last

The surname of the sixth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Translator first name 6translator-first6 translator6-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Translator last name 7translator-last7 translator7 translator7-last

The surname of the seventh translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Translator first name 7translator-first7 translator7-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Translator last name 8translator-last8 translator8 translator8-last

The surname of the eighth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Translator first name 8translator-first8 translator8-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Translator last name 9translator-last9 translator9 translator9-last

The surname of the ninth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Translator first name 9translator-first9 translator9-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Translator linktranslator-link translator-link1 translator1-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the translator; can suffix with a numeral to add additional translators.

پەڕەدڵخواز
Translator link 2translator-link2 translator2-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second translator.

پەڕەدڵخواز
Translator link 3translator-link3 translator3-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third translator.

پەڕەدڵخواز
Translator link 4translator-link4 translator4-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth translator.

پەڕەدڵخواز
Translator link 5translator-link5 translator5-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fifth translator.

پەڕەدڵخواز
Translator link 6translator-link6 translator6-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth translator.

پەڕەدڵخواز
Translator link 7translator-link7 translator7-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh translator.

پەڕەدڵخواز
Translator link 8translator-link8 translator8-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth translator.

پەڕەدڵخواز
Translator link 9translator-link9 translator9-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth translator.

پەڕەدڵخواز
Chapter URLchapter-url chapterurl contribution-url section-url contributionurl sectionurl

The URL of the online location where the text of the chapter can be found

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Format of Chapter URLchapter-format contribution-format section-format

Format of the work referred to by chapter-url; displayed in parentheses after chapter. HTML is implied and should not be specified.

نموونە
PDF, DOC, or XLS
زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
DOI broken datedoi-broken-date doi_brokendate

The date that the DOI was determined to be broken

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
URL access levelurl-access

Classification of the access restrictions on the URL ('registration', 'subscription' or 'limited')

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Archive URLarchive-url archiveurl

The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archivedate'

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Archive Formatarchive-format

Format of the Archive

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Archive datearchive-date archivedate

Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
URL statusurl-status

If set to 'live', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live. Set to "dead" or 'usurped' for broken links. Entering 'unfit' or 'usurped' makes the original link not appear at all.

بنچینەیی
dead
نموونە
'dead' or 'live'
زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Lay URLlay-url lay-summary laysummary layurl

URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Lay sourcelay-source laysource

Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Lay datelay-date laydate

Date of the summary; displays in parentheses

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Last author ampersandlast-author-amp lastauthoramp

When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space'

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Viavia

Aggregate or database provider, when different from the Publisher. Typically used for Ebooks.

نموونە
Open Edition, JSTOR
زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Bibcode access levelbibcode-access

If the full text is available from ADS via this Bibcode, type 'free'.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
DOI access leveldoi-access

If the full text is free to read via the DOI, type 'free'.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
HDL access levelhdl-access

If the full text is free to read via the HDL, type 'free'.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
Jstor access leveljstor-access

If the full text is free to read on Jstor, type 'free'.

زنجیرەنووسەدڵخواز
OpenLibrary access levelol-access

If the full text is free to read on OpenLibrary, type 'free'.

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OSTI access levelosti-access

If the full text is free to read on OSTI, type 'free'.

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Issueissue number

Issue number. This parameter is not supported by and should generally not be used with cite book. Consider that a different cite template may be more appropriate, such as cite magazine or cite journal. See Help:Citation_Style_1#Pages.

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Coauthorcoauthor

Coauthor

زنجیرەنووسەdeprecated
Coauthorscoauthors

Coauthors

زنجیرەنووسەdeprecated
Authors listauthors people host credits

List of authors as a free form list. Use of this parameter is discouraged, "lastn" to "firstn" are preferable. Warning: do not use if last or any of its aliases are used.

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City of Publicationcity

Where published

زنجیرەنووسەdeprecated
Agencyagency

Unusual in cite book. Use if an agency is needed in addition to publisher, etc.

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Departmentdepartment

Unusual in cite book.

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Date formatdf

Sets rendered dates to the specified format

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