Civilian Casualties: 6,741 killed and 14,257 wounded (Turkish claim) 18,000–20,000 Kurds executed and 2,400–4,000+ villages destroyed by the Turkish government (Independent human rights reports and other estimates)
^ abFaucompret، Erik؛ Konings, Jozef (2008). Turkish Accession to the EU: Satisfying the Copenhagen Criteria. Hoboken: Taylor & Francis. پەڕە 168. ISBN9780203928967. The Turkish establishment considered the Kurds' demand for the recognition of their identity a threat to the territorial integrity of the state, the more so because the PKK was supported by countries hostile to Turkey: Soviet Union, Greece, Cyprus, Iran and especially Syria. Syria hosted the organization and its leader for twenty years, and it provided training facilities in the Beka'a Valley of Syrian-controlled northern Lebanon.
^Shapir، Yiftah (1998). The Middle East Military Balance, 1996. Jerusalem, Israel: Jaffee Center for Strategic Studies, Tel Aviv University. پەڕە 114. ISBN9780231108928. The PKK was originally established as a Marxist party, with ties to the Soviet Union
^Bal، İdris (2004). Turkish Foreign Policy In Post Cold War Era. Boca Raton, Fl.: BrownWalker Press. پەڕە 359. ISBN9781581124231. With the explicit supports of some Arab countries for the PKK such as Syria...
^Mannes، Aaron (2004). Profiles In Terror: The Guide To Middle East Terrorist Organizations. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. پەڕە 185. ISBN9780742535251. PKK has had substantial operations in northern Iraq, with the support of Iran and Syria.
^14 taken (May 1993), 8 taken (Oct. 2007), 23 taken (2011-12), 8 released (Feb. 2015), 20 taken/released (June-Sep. 2015), 20 held (Dec. 2015), 2 taken (Jan. 2016), total of 95 reported taken
^20 as of Dec. 2015, 2 taken Jan. 2016, total of 22 reported currently held
^Jenkins، Gareth (2010). "A New Front in the PKK Insurgency". International Relations and Security Network (ISN). International Relations and Security Network (ISN). لە ڕێکەوتی ٢٧ کانوونی یەکەم ٢٠١٥ ھێنراوە.بەدواداچوون بۆ ڕێکەوت بکە لە: |access-date= (یارمەتی)