Civilian Casualties: 6,741 killed and 14,257 wounded (Turkish claim) 18,000–20,000 Kurds executed and 2,400–4,000+ villages destroyed by the Turkish government (Independent human rights reports and other estimates)
^ ئاFaucompret, Erik; Konings, Jozef (2008). Turkish Accession to the EU: Satisfying the Copenhagen Criteria. Hoboken: Taylor & Francis. p. 168. ISBN978-0-203-92896-7. The Turkish establishment considered the Kurds' demand for the recognition of their identity a threat to the territorial integrity of the state, the more so because the PKK was supported by countries hostile to Turkey: Soviet Union, Greece, Cyprus, Iran and especially Syria. Syria hosted the organization and its leader for twenty years, and it provided training facilities in the Beka'a Valley of Syrian-controlled northern Lebanon.
^Shapir, Yiftah (1998). The Middle East Military Balance, 1996. Jerusalem, Israel: Jaffee Center for Strategic Studies, Tel Aviv University. p. 114. ISBN978-0-231-10892-8. The PKK was originally established as a Marxist party, with ties to the Soviet Union
^Bal, İdris (2004). Turkish Foreign Policy In Post Cold War Era. Boca Raton, Fl.: BrownWalker Press. p. 359. ISBN978-1-58112-423-1. With the explicit supports of some Arab countries for the PKK such as Syria...
^Mannes, Aaron (2004). Profiles In Terror: The Guide To Middle East Terrorist Organizations. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. p. 185. ISBN978-0-7425-3525-1. PKK has had substantial operations in northern Iraq, with the support of Iran and Syria.
^"Terrorism Havens: Iraq". Council on Foreign Relations. December 1, 2005. Archived from the original on ٢٨ی ئەیلوولی ٢٠١٦. Retrieved ٣ی تشرینی یەکەمی ٢٠١٦. Saddam has aided...the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (known by its Turkish initials, PKK), a separatist group fighting the Turkish government.Check date values in: |access-date=, |archive-date= (help)
^ ئا"The PKK in Numbers". Sabah News Agency. 28 December 2015. Archived from the original on ٩ی تەممووزی ٢٠١٦. Retrieved ٣ی تشرینی یەکەمی ٢٠١٦. Check date values in: |access-date=, |archive-date= (help)
^14 taken (May 1993),Archived ١١ی ئایاری ٢٠١٥, لە وەیبەک مەشین. 8 taken (Oct. 2007), 23 taken (2011-12), 8 released (Feb. 2015), 20 taken/released (June-Sep. 2015), 20 held (Dec. 2015), 2 taken (Jan. 2016), total of 95 reported taken
^20 as of Dec. 2015, 2 taken Jan. 2016, total of 22 reported currently held