جێندەر

لە ئینسایکڵۆپیدیای ئازادی ویکیپیدیاوە
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جێندەر[١] یان جۆری کۆمەڵایەتی[٢] یان ڕەگەز چەن جۆرێک لە ھەڵسوکەوتی پەیوەندیدارە لەنێوان نێر و مێ یان جۆرەکانی تر. کە پەیوەندیدارە بە جێندەر بەپێی پێکھاتەی کۆمەڵایەتی یان ناسنامەی جێندەری[٣][٤][٥]

نمونە کەسێک جێندەری لەدایکبوونی کچە و ناسنامە جێندەرییەکەشی کچە ئەوە ئەوکاتە جێندەری مێینەی ھەیە[٦]، وە کەسێکیش جێندەری لەدایکبوونی کوڕە وە ناسنامە جێندەرییەکەشی لەگەل جێندەری لەدایکبوون یەک ئەگرێتەوە ئەوە ئەوکاتە جێندەری نێرینەی ھەیە[٦] ھەرچۆنێک بێت جێندەری کەسێک بەتەنھا بە پشت بەستن بە کۆئەندامێک یان رووخسار دیاری ناکرێت، دیاریکردنی جێندەر بەشێوەی زانستی پەیوەندیدارە بە شیکاریکردنی ناسنامەی جێندەری و دەربڕینی جێندەری.[٦][٧][٨][٩][١٠][١١][١٢][١٣][١٤][١٥][١٦][١٧]

سەرچاوەکان[دەستکاری]

  1. ^ داڕێژە:استشهاد ويب
  2. ^ داڕێژە:استشهاد ويب
  3. ^ Udry, J. Richard (November 1994). "The Nature of Gender" (PDF). Demography. 31 (4): 561–573. doi:10.2307/2061790. JSTOR 2061790. PMID 7890091. S2CID 38476067. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 September 2017. Retrieved 5 December 2016.
  4. ^ Haig, David (April 2004). "The Inexorable Rise of Gender and the Decline of Sex: Social Change in Academic Titles, 1945–2001" (PDF). Archives of Sexual Behavior. 33 (2): 87–96. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.359.9143. doi:10.1023/B:ASEB.0000014323.56281.0d. PMID 15146141. S2CID 7005542. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 June 2012.
  5. ^ "What do we mean by "sex" and "gender"?". World Health Organization. Archived from the original on 30 January 2017. Retrieved 26 November 2015.
  6. ^ ئ ا ب Sexual Orientation and Gender Expression in Social Work Practice, edited by Deana F. Morrow and Lori Messinger (2006, ISBN 0231501862), p. 8: "Gender identity refers to an individual's personal sense of identity as masculine or feminine, or some combination thereof."
  7. ^ Campaign, Human Rights. "Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Definitions".
  8. ^ American Psychological Association (December 2015). "Guidelines for Psychological Practice With Transgender and Gender Nonconforming People" (PDF). American Psychologist. 70 (9): 861. doi:10.1037/a0039906. PMID 26653312.
  9. ^ Cecilia Hardacker; Kelly Ducheny; Magda Houlberg (17 October 2018). Transgender and Gender Nonconforming Health and Aging. Springer. p. 3. ISBN 978-3-319-95031-0. The government, society, healthcare and school systems, and the child's parents have traditionally assumed that all children with a female sex assigned at birth will grow up to be women and all children with a male sex assigned at birth will grow up to be men. It has been assumed that people are cisgender, in other words, that people's sex assigned at birth was automatically identical to their gender identity - which is their personal felt experience of gender, of being male, female, a combination of male and female, or a unique blend of those genders. It was also assumed that gender was binary and that there are only two ways to experience gender either as a girl/woman or as a boy/man.
  10. ^ Shaw, Alison; Ardener, Shirley (2005). Changing sex and bending gender, p. 21. Berghahn Books, ISBN 978-1-84545-099-1
  11. ^ Terry Altilio; Shirley Otis-Green (2011). Oxford Textbook of Palliative Social Work. Oxford University Press. p. 380. ISBN 978-0-19-983827-1. Archived from the original on December 1, 2016. Retrieved April 12, 2016. Transgender is an umbrella term for people whose gender identity and/or gender expression differs from the sex they were assigned at birth (Gay and Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation [GLAAD], 2007).
  12. ^ Craig J. Forsyth; Heith Copes (2014). Encyclopedia of Social Deviance. Sage Publications. p. 740. ISBN 978-1-4833-6469-8. Archived from the original on December 1, 2016. Retrieved April 12, 2016. Transgender is an umbrella term for people whose gender identities, gender expressions, and/or behaviors are different from those culturally associated with the sex to which they were assigned at birth.
  13. ^ Marla Berg-Weger (2016). Social Work and Social Welfare: An Invitation. Routledge. p. 229. ISBN 978-1-317-59202-0. Archived from the original on December 1, 2016. Retrieved April 12, 2016. Transgender: An umbrella term that describes people whose gender identity or gender expression differs from expectations associated with the sex assigned to them at birth.
  14. ^ Reiner WG (2002). "Gender identity and sex assignment: a reappraisal for the 21st century". Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. 511: 175–89, discussion 189–97. doi:10.1007/978-1-4615-0621-8_11. ISBN 978-1-4613-5162-7. PMID 12575762.
  15. ^ Harrington, Lee (May 2016). Traversing Gender: Understanding Transgender Realities. Mystic Productions Press. pp. 50, 56. ISBN 978-1-942733-83-6. Archived from the original on 2016-12-21.
  16. ^ Serano, Julia (October 2013). Excluded: Making Feminist and Queer Movements More Inclusive. Seal Press. p. 301. ISBN 978-1-58005-504-8. Archived from the original on 2016-12-21.
  17. ^ Shaw, Alison; Ardener, Shirley (2005). Changing sex and bending gender, p. 21. Berghahn Books, ISBN 978-1-84545-099-1